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SHHS Maths - Higher > Shape and Space > Flashcards

Flashcards in Shape and Space Deck (35)
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1

Formula for the circumference of a circle

πd

where d is the diameter of the circle

2

Formula for the area of a circle

πr2

where r is the radius of the circle

3

What does it mean for two shapes to be congruent?

They are exactly the same.

4

What does Pythagoras' Theorem say?

a2 + b2 = c2

for a right-angled triangle

5

How many centimetres are in one metre?

100

6

order 3

7

tesselation

8

Triangular based prism

9

Formula for the area of the trapezium

1/2 (a + b) x perpendicular height

10

Formula for the area of a triangle

1/2 x base x perpendicular height

11

Formula for the area of a parallelogram

base x perpendicular height

12

Formula for the volume of a prism

cross-sectional area x length

13

Describe what the surface area of a 3D shape is

The area of all the faces added together

14

To prove two triangles are congruent, use one of ...

SSS, SAS, ASA, RHS

15

Perpendicular bisector

16

Angle bisector

17

The view from front or side of a 3D shape is called

Elevation

18

What is the bird's eye view of a shape called

Plan view

19

Net of a square-based pyramid

20

Name the four types of transformation

Translation, rotation, reflection and enlargement

21

For an enlargement you need to state:

1. Centre of enlargement

2. Scale Factor

22

For a rotation you need to state:

1. Centre of rotation

2. Angle of rotation

3. Direction of rotation (clockwise or anticlockwise)

23

For a reflection you need to state:

Line of reflection

24

For a translation you need to state:

Vector of translation

25

What are the "triangles" for the trigonometry formulae?

26

Change 2m3 into cm3

2 x 1003 = 2 x 1000000

                = 2000000cm3

27

Change 5cm2 into mm2

5 x 102 = 5 x 100

               = 500mm2

28

Change 3m2 into cm2

3 x 1002 = 3 x 10000

                = 30000cm2

29

How many ml are in 1 litre?

1000

30

How many grams are there in 1 kilogram?

1000