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Flashcards in Separate Physics - P6 Waves Deck (93)
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1

What two types of wave are there?

  • Transverse
  • Longitudinal

2

Give an example of a longitudinal wave

Sound

3

Describe how longitudinal waves transfer energy.

Vibrations are parallel to energy transfer

4

Give an example of a transverse wave

  • All electromagnetic waves
  • A ripple on water
  • A wave on a string

5

Describe how transverse waves transfer energy.

Vibrations are perpendicular to energy transfer

6

Compare the sound of the two waves in the image in terms of loudness and pitch.

  • They have the same loudness.
  • Wave B has a higher pitch.

7

Name the properties of the wave labelled a) and b)

a) Wavelength

b) Amplitude

8

Name the two regions of a longitudinal wave labelled ‘C’ and ‘R’.

C = compression

R = rarefaction

9

What equation links wave speed, frequency and wavelength?

Wave speed = frequency x wavelength

V = 𝘧 λ

10

What are X-rays used for?

Medical imaging

11

What EM waves can our eyes detect?

Visible light

12

What are gamma rays used for?

  • Killing cancer cells 
  • Sterilizing medical equipment

13

What does frequency mean?

The number of complete waves passing a certain point in a second (1 Hz is 1 wave per second)

14

What EM waves can have hazardous effects on human body?

Ultraviolet waves, X-rays and gamma rays

15

Which EM wave causes skin cancer?

Ultraviolet waves cause skin cancer

16

Write the electromagnetic spectrum in order from longest to shortest wavelength.

17

Compare the sound of the two waves in the image in terms of loudness and pitch.

  • They have the same pitch.
  • Wave B is quieter than Wave A.

18

Name the EM wave that communicates with satellites

Microwaves

19

What danger do X-rays and gamma rays pose?

Can cause cancer

20

What are microwaves used for?

  • Satellite communications
  • Cooking food
  • Mobile phone communication

21

What is visible light used for?

1) Communication using fibre optics

2) Anything that you need to see e.g.:

  • Charging lights on battery chargers
  • Traffic Lights
  • Lights on displays such as TV, phone, laptop

22

What are radio waves used for?

Television and radio

23

What are infrared waves used for?

  • Electrical heaters
  • Cooking food
  • Infrared cameras
  • TV remotes

24

What is ultraviolet used for?

  • Tanning beds
  • Detecting forged bank notes

25

What is the dashed line in a refraction diagram called?

Normal

26

What do you call the process whereby light bends as it enters a different medium?

Refraction

27

Higher Q. What can oscillations in electrical circuits cause?

Radio waves

28

Why does light bend as it moves from air into glass?

Glass is denser than air, so the light wave slows down.

29

Higher Q. How can radio waves themselves induce oscillations in an electrical circuit?

Radio waves can be absorbed, creating an alternating current with the same frequency as the radio wave itself.

30

Separate Q. What three things can happen to waves when they arrive at a boundary between two different materials?

  • Absorbed
  • Transmitted
  • Reflected