Flashcards in Self Confidence and Self-Efficacy Deck (15)
What is Sport Confidence?
The degree of certainty possessed about the ability to be successful in sport generally
What is Self-Confidence?
A trait-like tendency to believe that we are capable of performing desired tasks successfully
what are the 7 benefits of increased self confidence/efficacy?
-More Ambitious Goals
-'Play to Win' rather than 'Play to Not Lose'
-Generates positive psychological momentum
What are the two types of non-optimal levels of confidence?
- Lack of confidence causing anxiety and indecisiveness and lack of concentration
- Overconfidence causing lack of preparation or effort
What is the definition of Self-Efficacy?
A situation specific form of self-confidence (A 'State', where Self-confidence is a 'Trait')
How does having a weak sense of self-efficacy affect your behaviour, affect and cognition?
-Avoiding challenging tasks
-Belief that difficult tasks are beyond your capability
-Focus on personal failings and negative outcomes
-Quickly lose confidence in personal abilities
How does having a strong sense of self-efficacy affect your behaviour, cognition and affect?
-View challenging tasks as something to be mastered
-Develop deeper interest in the activities in which they participate
-Form strong sense of commitment to their interests and activities
-Recover quickly from setbacks and disappointments
Give a prioritised list of the 4 major sources of self-efficacy
What is a 'Mastery Experience' and how does it affect self-efficacy?
Performing a task successfully strengthens self efficacy, but failing a task can undermine self-efficacy
What ingredients must a mastery experience have to be most helpful for developing self-efficacy?
-Completed without External Help
-Infrequent experience of failure
What is Social Modelling and how is it a source of Self-Efficacy?
Witnessing other people successfully completing a task; 'If they can do it, so can I!'
What ingredients must a social modelling experience have to be most helpful for developing self-efficacy?
Model must be a similar person, and competent at the skill
What is social persuasion and how does it increase self-efficacy?
People can be persuaded to believe that they have the skill and capability to succeed, helping to overcome self doubt
What attributes must a persuader have to make social persuasion an effective method of improving self-efficacy?
They must be a trustworthy, credible source with prestige.