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Flashcards in Selected Vocabulary from the Glossaries Deck (33)
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1

affect

A pattern of observable behaviors that is the expression of an emotion such as sadness, elation, and anger. Short term and fluctuating as opposed to longer term nature of mood.

2

emotion

A subjectively experienced feeling state

3

mood

Pervasive and sustained emotional "climate"

4

blunted affect

Significant reduction in the intensity of emotional expression

5

flat affect

Absence or near absence of any sign of affective expression.

6

inappropriate affect

Discordance between affective expression and the content of speech or ideation

7

labile affect

Abnormal variability in affect with repeated, rapid and abrupt shifts in affective expression

8

restricted/constricted affect

Mild reduction in the range and intensity of emotional expression

9

agnosia

Loss of ability to recognize objects, persons, sounds, shapes, or smells that occurs in the absence of either impairment of the specific sense or significant memory loss.

10

alogia

An impoverishment in thinking that is inferred from observing speech and language behavior. There may be brief and concrete replies to questions and restriction in the amount of spontaneous speech. Sometimes the speech is adequate in amount but conveys little information because it is over concrete, abstract, repetitive or stereotyped.

11

poverty of speech

Restriction in the amount of spontaneous speech

12

poverty of content

Spontaneous speech that is adequate in amount but conveys little information because it is over concrete, abstract, repetitive or stereotyped

13

amnesia

An inability to recall important autobiographical information that is inconsistent with ordinary forgetting.

14

anhedonia

Lack of enjoyment from, engagement in, or energy for life's experiences; deficits in the capacity to feel pleasure and take interest in things. Anhedonia is a faces of the broad personality trait domain "Detachment."

15

anosognosia

A condition in which a person with an illness seems unaware of the existence of his or her illness

16

antagonism

Behaviors that put an individual at odds with other people such as an exaggerated sense of self-importance with a concomitant expectation of special treatment, as well as a callous antipathy towards others, encompassing both unawareness of others' needs and feelings, and a readiness to use others in the service of self-enhancement. "Antagonism" is one of the five broad personality trait domains.

17

antidepressant discontinuation syndrome

A set of symptoms that can occur after abrupt cessation, or marked reduction in dose of an antidepressant medication that had been taken continuously for at least 1 month.

18

anxiety

The apprehensive anticipation of future danger or misfortune accompanied by a feeling of worry, distress, and/or somatic symptoms of tension. The focus of anticipated danger may be internal or external.

19

anxiousness

Feelings of nervousness or tenseness in reaction to diverse situations; frequent worry about the negative effects of past unpleasant experiences and future negative possibilities; feeling fearful and apprehensive about uncertainty; expecting the worst to happen. Anxiousness is a facet of the broad personality trait domain "Negative Affectivity."

20

arousal

The psychological and physiological state of being awake or reactive to stimuli

21

asociality

A reduced initiative for interacting with other people

22

attention

The ability to focus in a sustained manner on a particular stimulus or activity. A disturbance in attention may be manifested by easy distractibility or difficulty in finishing tasks or in concentration on work.

23

attention seeking

Engaging in behavior designed to attract notice and to make oneself the focus of others' attention and admiration. Attention seeking is a facet of the broad personality trait domain "Antagonism."

24

autogynephilia

Sexual arousal of a natal male associated with the idea or image of being a woman.

25

avoidance

The act of keeping away from stress-related circumstances, a tendency to circumvent cues, activities, and situations that remind the individual of a stressful even experienced.

26

avolition

An inability to initiate and persist in goal-directed activities. When severe enough to be considered pathological, avolition is pervasive and prevents the person from completing many different types of activities (e.g. work, intellectual pursuits, self-care).

27

callousness

Lack of concern for the feelings or problems of others; lack of guilt or remorse about the negative or harmful effects of one's actions on others. Callousness is a facet of the broad personality trait domain "Antagonism."

28

catalepsy

Passive induction of a posture held against gravity. Compare with "Waxy Flexibility."

29

circadian rhythms

Cyclical variations in physiological and biochemical function, level of sleep-wake activity, and emotional state. Circadian rhythms have a cycle of about 24 hours,.

30

ultradian rhythms

Cyclical variations (of less than 1 day) in physiological and biochemical function, level of sleep-wake activity, and emotional state.