Flashcards in Second partial Deck (45)
What is the definition of democracy according to Schumpter?
The democratic method is that institutional arrangement for arriving at political decisions in which individuals acquire the power to decide by means of a competitive struggle for the people's vote
What is a nation?
Group of people who recognize each other as sharing a common identity
What is a state?
An entity which is recognized to exist when a government is in control of a population residing within a defined territory
What is a nation-state?
A political community in which the state coincides with and represents the nation
What is sovereignty?
The principal that, within its territorial boundaries, the state is the supreme political authority and that, outside those boundaries, the state recognizes no higher political authority
Which factors give states their sovereignty?
-The consent of citizens
What is legitimacy?
The belief that any given rule, institution, or leader is acceptable and has the right to exist, govern, or pursue its affairs in its chosen manner
What is the definition of democracy according to Schmitter and Karl?
Modern political democracy is a system of governance in which rulers are held accountable for their actions in the public realm by citizens, acting indirectly through the competition and cooperation of their elected representatives
Which are the seven features of democracy?
-Rule of law
-Checks & balances
-Equality before the law
-Freedom of the press
-Freedom of association
-Freedom of information
What is rule of law?
Principle where EVERYONE is accountable to law
What are checks & balances?
Different departments balance and check each other
What is equality before the law?
Principle that holds that the law may not discriminate in its treatment of citizens
What is freedom of the press?
Independence of media content
What is freedom of association?
Being able to form independent organizations that seek to further the interests of its members
What is freedom of information?
Being able to access information held by the state
What are minority rights?
Secure the rights of minority against the power of majority by making some things non-votable
What are failed states?
State sin which authorities are not able, or willing, to perform their tasks appropriately
Which are the characteristics of a failed state?
-Breakdown of law & order
-Weak capacity to respond to citizen needs
-Lack of credible international representation
How many states form the UN Security Council?
Who are the permanent members of the Security Council?
What is the main function of the UN Security Council?
Maintain international peace and security
What does the UN Security Council do?
How many countries are in the UN General Assembly?
193 countries: 1 seat per country
How are decisions made in the General Assembly?
Important questions need 2/3 of the votes
What does the UN General Assembly do?
Represent interests of the developing world:
-counteracting major power's pressures
What is the World Trade Organization?
International organization for liberalizing trade between nations, which operates a system of trade rules and provides a forum for trade negotiations and settling trade disputes
Which are the WTO's objectives?
-Non-discrimination in trade
-Binding & transparency
Which are the WTO's functions?
-Provides a forum for trade negotiations
-Evaluation on trade complaints by members
-Assistance to less developed countries
-Tracking of members' trade policies
Who is in the WTO?
Every country is represented