Second partial Flashcards Preview

Global Politics I > Second partial > Flashcards

Flashcards in Second partial Deck (45)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is the definition of democracy according to Schumpter?

The democratic method is that institutional arrangement for arriving at political decisions in which individuals acquire the power to decide by means of a competitive struggle for the people's vote

2

What is a nation?

Group of people who recognize each other as sharing a common identity

3

What is a state?

An entity which is recognized to exist when a government is in control of a population residing within a defined territory

4

What is a nation-state?

A political community in which the state coincides with and represents the nation

5

What is sovereignty?

The principal that, within its territorial boundaries, the state is the supreme political authority and that, outside those boundaries, the state recognizes no higher political authority

6

Which factors give states their sovereignty?

-Recognition
-Power considerations
-International law
-The consent of citizens

7

What is legitimacy?

The belief that any given rule, institution, or leader is acceptable and has the right to exist, govern, or pursue its affairs in its chosen manner

8

What is the definition of democracy according to Schmitter and Karl?

Modern political democracy is a system of governance in which rulers are held accountable for their actions in the public realm by citizens, acting indirectly through the competition and cooperation of their elected representatives

9

Which are the seven features of democracy?

-Rule of law
-Checks & balances
-Equality before the law
-Freedom of the press
-Freedom of association
-Freedom of information
-Minority rights

10

What is rule of law?

Principle where EVERYONE is accountable to law

11

What are checks & balances?

Different departments balance and check each other

12

What is equality before the law?

Principle that holds that the law may not discriminate in its treatment of citizens

13

What is freedom of the press?

Independence of media content

14

What is freedom of association?

Being able to form independent organizations that seek to further the interests of its members

15

What is freedom of information?

Being able to access information held by the state

16

What are minority rights?

Secure the rights of minority against the power of majority by making some things non-votable

17

What are failed states?

State sin which authorities are not able, or willing, to perform their tasks appropriately

18

Which are the characteristics of a failed state?

-Breakdown of law & order
-Weak capacity to respond to citizen needs
-Lack of credible international representation

19

How many states form the UN Security Council?

15

20

Who are the permanent members of the Security Council?

-China
-England
-Russia
-USA
-France

21

What is the main function of the UN Security Council?

Maintain international peace and security

22

What does the UN Security Council do?

-Peacekeeping
-Conflict prevention
-Peacemaking
-Peace building
-Peace enforcement
-Basically... PEACE.

23

How many countries are in the UN General Assembly?

193 countries: 1 seat per country

24

How are decisions made in the General Assembly?

Important questions need 2/3 of the votes

25

What does the UN General Assembly do?

Represent interests of the developing world:
-peace
-counteracting major power's pressures
-independence

26

What is the World Trade Organization?

International organization for liberalizing trade between nations, which operates a system of trade rules and provides a forum for trade negotiations and settling trade disputes

27

Which are the WTO's objectives?

-Free trade
-Non-discrimination in trade
-Binding & transparency
-Fair competition
-Development

28

Which are the WTO's functions?

-Provides a forum for trade negotiations
-Evaluation on trade complaints by members
-Assistance to less developed countries
-Tracking of members' trade policies

29

Who is in the WTO?

Every country is represented

30

Who leads the WTO?

Secretariat led by Director General