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Flashcards in Schizophrenia Spectrum & Psychotic Disorders Deck (30)
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1

How many mental disorders are there in the Schizophrenia Spectrum & Psychotic Disorders section and what are they?

1 Schizotypal Personality Disorder 2 Delusional Disorder 3 Brief Psychotic Disorder 4 Schizophreniform Disorder 5 Schizophrenia 6 Schizoaffective Disorder 7 Substance/Medication Induced Psychotic Disorder 8 Psychotic Disorder Due to Another Medical Condition 9 Catatonia Ass. w/ Another Mental Disorder (Catatonia Specifier) 10 Catatonic Disorder Due to Another Medical Condition 11 Unspecified Catatonia 12 Other Specified Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorder 13 Unspecified Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorder

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Delusions

fixed beliefs that are not amenable to change in light of conflicting evidence; 6 most common types are: persecutory, referential, grandiose, erotomanic, Nihlistic, and somatic

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Persecutory Delusions

Belief that one is going to be harmed, harasses and so forth by an individual, organization, or other group Most common type of delusion

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Referential Delusions

Belief that certain gestures, comments, environmental cues, and so forth are directed at oneself Very common

5

Grandiose Delusions

When an individual believes that he or she has exceptional abilities, wealth or fame

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Erotomanic Delusions

When an individual believes falsely that another person is in love with him or her

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Nihilistic Delusions

Involve the conviction that a major catastrophe will occur

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Somatic Delusions

Preoccupations regarding health and organ function

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Bizarre Delusions

Bizarre delusions are clearly implausible and not understandable to same-culture peers and do not derive from ordinary life experiences; often involve a loss of control over mind or body

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Thought Withdrawal

The bizarre delusion that one's thoughts have been removed by some outside force

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Thought Insertion

The bizarre delusion that alien thoughts have been put into one's mind

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Delusions of Control

The bizarre delusion that one's body or actions are being acted on or manipulated by some outside force

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Hallucinations

perception-like experiences that occur without an external stimulus; can occur in any sensory modality

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Most common hallucination in schizophrenia and related disorders?

Auditory, usually experienced as voices that are perceived as distinct from one's own thoughts

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Hypnagogic Hallucinations

Hallucinations that occur while one is falling asleep; not considered to be a sign or symptom of a mental disorder

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Hypnopompic Hallucinations

Hallucinations that occur while one is waking from sleep; not considered to be a sign or symptom of a mental disorder

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derailement

AKA Loose Association; switching from one topic to another, a symptom of disorganized thiking/formal thought disorder

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grossly disorganized or abnormal motor behavior

Ranges from silliness to unredictable agitation; problems may be noted in any form of goal directed behavior, leading to difficulties in performing activities of daily living

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catatonic behavior

A marked decrease in reactivity to the environment; includes negativism, maintaining a rigid, inappropriate or bizzare posture, mutism & stupor. Can also include catatonic excitement and repeated, sterotyped movements, staring, gimacing and the echoing of speech. 

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negativism

A type of catatonic behvaior featuring resitance to instructions

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stupor

lack of motor response; can be a type of catatonic behavior

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catatonic excitement

purpousless and ecxessive motor activity without obvious cause

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diminished emotional expression

reduction in the expression of emotions in the face, eye contact, prosody and movements of the hand, head and face that normally give an emotional emphasis to speech; a negative sypmtom of Schizophrenia & Psychotic Disorders

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prosody

intonation of speech

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avolition

Decrease in motivated selfinitiated puposeful activities. The individual may sit for long periods of time and show little interest in participating in work or social activitites. 

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Alogia

Diminished speech output

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anhedonia

the decreased ability to experience pleasure frm positive stimuli or a degredation in the recollection of pleasure previously experienced

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Asociality

The aparent lack of interest in social interactions and may be associated with avolition, but it can also be a manifestation of limited opportunities for social interactions

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Name 5 Negative Symptoms Associated with Schizophrenia Spectruma and other Psychotic Disorders

Diminished Emotional Expression

Avolition

Alogia

Anhedonia

Asociality

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