SAM II Final Exam - Derm Lesion Identification Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in SAM II Final Exam - Derm Lesion Identification Deck (38)
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1

Identify the type of skin lesion. 

Is it primary or secondary?

macule

primary skin lesion

Examples: Hemorrhage, lentigo, vitiligo

2

Identify the type of skin lesion. 

Is it primary or secondary?

papule

primary skin lesion

Examples: Bacterial or fungal infection, infectious or sterile granuloma

3

Identify the type of skin lesion. 

Is it primary or secondary?

pustule

primary skin lesion

Examples: Bacterial infection, pemphigus foliaceous

4

Identify the type of skin lesion. 

Is it primary or secondary?

plaque

primary skin lesion

Examples: Calcinosis cutis, reactive histiocytosis, eosinophilic plaque

5

Identify the type of skin lesion. 

Is it primary or secondary?

nodule

primary skin lesion

Examples: Bacterial or fungal infection, infectious or sterile granuloma

6

Identify the type of skin lesion. 

Is it primary or secondary?

vesicle

primary skin lesion

7

Identify the type of skin lesion. 

Is it primary or secondary?

wheal

primary skin lesion

Examples: Insect bites, urticaria, allergic reaction

8

Identify the type of skin lesion. 

Is it primary or secondary?

wheal

primary skin lesion

Examples: Insect bites, urticaria, allergic reaction

9

Identify the type of skin lesion. 

Is it primary or secondary?

epidermal collarette

secondary skin lesion

Examples: Superficial bacterial infection, insect bite, fungal infection

10

Identify the type of skin lesion. 

Is it primary or secondary?

lichenification

secondary skin lesion

Example: Chronic dermatitis

11

Identify the type of skin lesion. 

Is it primary or secondary?

comedones

can be primary or secondary

Examples: Canine solar (actinic) dermatosis, chin acne, Schnauzer comedo syndrome, hyperadrenocorticism

12

Flat spot (< 1 cm) on skin with change in skin color. What is the lesion? Is it primary or secondary?

macule

primary skin lesion

Examples: Hemorrhage, lentigo, vitiligo

13

Macule > 1 cm in size. What is the lesion? Is it primary or secondary?

patch

primary skin lesions

14

This is a type of macule caused by bleeding into the skin. What is the lesion? Is it primary or secondary?

purpura

primary skin lesion

15

Small, solid elevation in skin up to 1 cm in diameter. What is the lesion? Is it primary or secondary?

papule

primary skin lesion

Examples: Bacterial or fungal infection, infectious or sterile granuloma

16

Coalition of papules forming flat-topped elevation. What is the lesion? Is it primary or secondary?

plaque

primary skin lesion

Examples: Calcinosis cutis, reactive histiocytosis, eosinophilic plaque

17

Small elevation of epidermis filled with pus. What is the lesion? Is it primary or secondary?

pustule

primary skin lesion

Examples: Bacterial infection, pemphigus foliaceous

18

Elevation of epidermis filled with clear fluid. What is the lesion? Is it primary or secondary?

vesicle

primary skin lesion

19

Vesicle or pustule >1 cm in diameter. What is the lesion? Is it primary or secondary?

bulla

primary skin lesion

20

Sharply delineated lesion of edema. What is the lesion? Is it primary or secondary?

wheal

primary skin lesion

Examples: Insect bites, urticaria, allergic reaction

21

Large palpable mass - neoplastic enlargement. What is the lesion? Is it primary or secondary?

tumor

primary skin lesion

Examples: Lipoma, mast cell tumor, squamous cell carcinoma

22

Epithelial lined cavity with solid or fluid material. What is the lesion? Is it primary or secondary?

cyst

primary skin lesion

Examples: Follicular cyst, dermoid cyst, apocrine gland cyst

23

Scale arranged in circular pattern; associated with pustule, vesicle, or bullae. What is the lesion? Is it primary or secondary?

epidermal collarette

secondary skin lesion

Examples: Superficial bacterial infection, insect bite, fungal infection

24

Linear abrasion of the skin. What is the lesion? Is it primary or secondary?

excoriation

secondary skin lesion

Example: Abrasion or scratch

25

Shallow ulcer that does not break basal layer. What is the lesion? Is it primary or secondary?

erosion

secondary skin lesion

Examples: Secondary to vesicle or pustule rupture or secondary to surface trauma

26

Break in epidermis with exposure of the dermis. What is the lesion? Is it primary or secondary?

ulcer

secondary skin lesion

Examples: Ischemic lesions resulting from vasculitis, indolent ulcer, feline herpesvirus infection, feline ulcerative dermatosis syndrome

27

Linear cleavage (cracks) in the epidermis or dermis caused by disease or injury. What is the lesion? Is it primary or secondary?

fissure

secondary skin lesion

Examples: Pawpad fissure seen in pemphigus foliaceous, superficial necrolytic dermatitis, or digital hyperkeratosis

28

Thickening and hardening of the skin (note the exaggerated skin lines). What is the lesion? Is it primary or secondary?

lichenification

secondary skin lesion

Example: Chronic dermatitis

29

A localized hyperplasia of the stratum corneum of the epidermis caused by pressure or friction. What is the lesion? Is it primary or secondary?

callus

secondary skin lesion

Example: Trauma over bony prominence such as elbow or sternum

30

Absence of hair from area where it is normally present. What is the lesion? Is it primary or secondary?

alopecia

can be primary or secondary skin lesion