S/S Electrolyte Imbalances Flashcards Preview

NCLEX-RN > S/S Electrolyte Imbalances > Flashcards

Flashcards in S/S Electrolyte Imbalances Deck (8)
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1

Hypernatremia

Overheated, dry, fever, dry mucus membranes, thirst, Muscle spasms, increased DTR's,
Increased BP,
ALOC d/t brain shrinkage.

2

Hyponatremia

Confusion, weakness, limp muscles,
Decreased BP and DTR's
No Pulmonary Edema
Neurologic sign d/t cerebral edema

3

Hyperkalemia

"SPEED UP"
hyperactivity, and irritability (Muscles/GI tract) diarrhea
Flaccid weak muscles
Increased potassium slows HR
Peak T waves, Decreased P waves
Respiratory Arrest

4

Hypokalemia

"SLOW GO"
Constipation, and Rhabdomylosis
Emergence of U wave, Flat T wave
PVC's, V-fib, asystole

5

Hypermagnesemia

Increased DTR,
Decreased respirations
Decreased LOC
flushed skin, lethargy, decreased BP

6

Hypomagnesemia

Tremors, Twitching, Tetany, Seizures
Increased BP
Increased HR

7

Hypercalcemia

Increased clotting time, ALOC
Constipation
Muscle and bone pain with weakness

8

Hypocalcemia

Decreased BP, weak thready pulse, muscle cramps
Diarrhea
Positive Chovostek's and Trousseau's signs
Respiratory distress