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Flashcards in Romantic period - test Deck (62)
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1

inclusion of folk songs, dances, legends and other national material in a composition to associate it with the composer’s homeland.

nationalism

2

use of melodies, rhythms or instruments that suggest foreign lands

exoticism

3

instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene

program music

4

use of chords containing tones not found in the major or minor scale but included in the chromatic scale (all 12 notes)

chromatic

5

vocal form in which the same music is repeated for each stanza of a poem

strophic

6

vocal form in which there is new music for each stanza of a poem

through-composed form

7

• form in which two or more stanzas of poetry are set to the same music while other stanzas have new music

Modified strophic form

8

• instrument music having no intended association with a story, poem, idea or scene; nonprogram music

Absolute music

9

• single melody used in several movement of a long work to represent a recurring idea (Berlioz’s Symphonie Fantastique)

Idée fixe—

10

• short musical idea associated with a person object or thought (Wagner’s The Ring)

Leitmotif

11

• setting of a poem for solo voice and piano

art song

12

• slow, lyrical piano piece

Nocturne

13

• a piano piece designed to help the performer master specific technical difficulties

Étude

14

• symphony related to a story, idea, or scene, in which each movement usually has a descriptive title (Berlioz’s Symphonie Fantastique)

Program symphony—

15

• composition for orchestra; one movement, usually in sonata form

concert overture

16

• Programmatic composition for orchestra in one movement, which may have a traditional form (such as sonata or rondo) or an original, irregular form

Symphonic poem (tone poem) –

17

• music intended to be performed before and during a play

incidental music

18

mass for the dead

requiem

19

Developed the “art song.” --

schubert

20

German composer of a Jewish family who was responsible for the revival of Bach’s music; most “classic” of the Romantic composers; child prodigy like Mozart --

mendelssohn

21

Two great Italian opera composers –

• Verdi and Puccini

22

Polish composer known mostly for his piano pieces; known as the “poet of the piano” –

• Chopin

23

Moved to the US and was the director of the National Conservatory of Music

• Dvorak

24

German composer known for his piano “character pieces” –

• R. Schumann

25

Most “classic” of the Romantic composers

Mendelssohn

26

After Robert Schumann was committed to an institution, this composer moved in with Clara Schumann, one of the “3 B’s” –

Brahms

27

French composer who first studied medicine, known for his grandiose compositions and skills as an orchestrator and conductor; wrote a symphony based on his spurned love –

Berlioz

28

One of the “3 B’s”

brahms

29

Child prodigy similar to Mozart

mendelssohn

30

German composer known for massive music dramas where all the arts—music, drama, dance and painting are fused (Gesamtkunstwerk—universal artwork) –

• Wagner