Flashcards in Roman Italy and Tiberius Gracchus Deck (9)
After 201 BCE
Rome's influence across the Med expanded, Rome defeated the Macedonians, the Greeks, Antiochus III, destroyed Carthage and pacified some of Spain
What to do with conquered lands?
Ager publicus was used to supplement smaller plots.
Money from conquest invested into slaves, property and equipment.
The problem - Appian, Civil Wars 1.7
Small number became rich, the Italians struggled and dwindled, influx of slaves.
The problem - Plutach, Life of T.G
Poor people who were ejected from their land no longer had the motivation for military service.
Traditional thought about the problem
Falling number of citizens
Fewer and fewer soldiers
Dwindling Italian soldiers
Too many slaves
Alternative approach to the problem
The population rises
Fewer people willing to fight
Not enough land
Perception of declining free
Certainly economic troubles
Why did Tiberius act? modern view
Manpower and land crisis
Tiberius proposes the Lex Agraria which would regulate the use of ager publicus. It would reinstate use of ager publicus, limited to 500 jugera. Up to 500 jugera per person made permanent and tax free. Land used in excess was confiscated and allotted to the poor.