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Flashcards in Role of Pathology in Medicine Deck (19)
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1

what is epidemiology?

epidemiology is identifying who will get a disease

2

what is the term for the cause?

aetiology

3

what is pathogenesis?

pathogenesis is the manner of development of a disease

4

what is pathology?

pathology is the scientific study of disease

5

what is disease?

disease is the abnormality of the body that causes a loss of normal health

6

what is a sign of acute inflammation?

a lot of neutrophils present

7

what does a pale grey area on a CT scan show?

inflammation caused by bacterial infections

8

what are melanocytes?

they are at the bottom of the skin - abnormal growth of melanocytes can lead to melanoma

9

what do the prefixes and suffixes of disease mean?

ana - absences
dys - disorder
hyper - excessive
hypo - deficiency
meta - change from one state to another
itis - inflammatory process
oma - tumour
osis - state or condition
oid - bearing resemblance to
penia - lack of
cytosis - increased number of cells
ecstasis - dilation
plasia - disorder of growth
opathy - abnormal state lacking specific characteristic

10

define these basic terms: hypertrophy?

excessive growth of cells - no extra cells

11

embolus?

when a blood clot moves from the site of origin to another site

12

hyperplasia?

excessive increase in number of cells

13

thrombus?

blood clot

14

fistula?

abnormal connection between 2 epithelial lined areas

15

neoplasia?

abnormal growth

16

dysplasia?

disordered growth or development of cells

17

metastasis?

the development of a secondary malignant growth at a site distant from primary site

18

differentiation grade?

what the tumour looks like, stage is the progression and whether it has moved sites

19

what is the difference between stage and grade?

grade is how differentiated it is whereas grade is the progression and whether it has metastasised