Flashcards in Road To WWII Deck (65)
Seen as the "third way"
Emerges in Italy.
Alternative to the failure of liberalism and the horror of Marxism.
Far right of the political spectrum.
Picks up after Great Depression
Fascism is of the far right
Communism is far left.
Protect state from Marxism because it advocated communism.
Gained support from middle-class.
War is the grounds on which the power of a nation is proved.
Believed to be inefficient; a single ruler is more efficient
Fascism: One Party Rule
Ban rival parties, ensures that there won't be a revolution.
Only very similar parties with different names allowed.
Fascism: Glorification of the State
The state is all powerful and the face of its historical evolution.
The face and the physical embodiment of a country is its leader
Started as a socialist but when WWI comes along he abandons this ideology.
Father of fascism
Dictator of Italy from 1922-1943
Socialist newspaper that Mussolini was an editor for.
Il popolo d'Italia
Translates to "People of Italy"
Newspaper created by Mussolini.
Addresses the issue that Italy got nothing out of war.
Expresses discontent with Versailles.
Vocal Italian nationalist.
Invades Fiume (Austrian territory) and takes over.
Workers strike and occupy factories
Peasants seize uncultivated land from landowners.
Bourgeoisie afraid of Marxist revolution.
Government (Chamber of Deputies) is in gridlock.
Socialist party has a plurality.
Gave ministers ability to rule by decree.
Fasci Di Combattimento
WWI veterans which are hired as the military arm for fascists.
Enforcers taken from Fasci Di Combattimento.
Attack socialists, governments turns blind eye bc scared of communism.
Italian election of 1921
Fascism becomes more popular
35 seats out of 500.
March on Rome
Black shirts preform marches in Rome.
Marks the emergence of fascism.
Mussolini as Prime Minister.
October 29th, 1992
Mussolini becomes Prime Minister, promising to use power to stop the marches.
Mussolini as Dictator
Mussolini is given dictatorial power for a year.
Appoints fascists to political offices.
Makes a law so that the party receiving a plurality gets 2/3 of Deputies seats.
Italian election 1924
Fascists receive a plurality of votes and are awarded 2/3 of the seats.
All other parties dissolve, leaving only fascists.
Leading socialist, member of Deputies.
Criticized Mussolini, squadristi assassinate him.
Lateran Accord of 1929
Stops cultural war between the Vatican and Italy.
Vatican City becomes its own state.
Women in a Fascist Society
Encouraged to have children.
Generous maternity leave.
Discouraged and eventually outlawed information regarding and practice of abortions and contraception.
Women still make 25% of labor force
Problems with the Weimar
Proportional representation: allowed for extremist minorities (fascists)
If there is an emergency then the President or a presidential designee can take dictatorial power.
Tension in Germany
Discontent over Versailles
Loss of Alsace & Lorraine
Economic downfall due to loss of the Rhur and war reparations.
Doubt toward the SDP
Attempted overthrow of Weimar Republic.
German army puts it down, saves gov.
Great Inflation of 1923
Government pays Germans in Ruhr to stop working.
Farmers charge higher prices for grain.
Everything gets expensive