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Flashcards in Risk Management Deck (8)
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Define the term "risk management"

Risk management is decision making process designed to systematically identify hazards, assess the degree of risk, and determine the best course of action. It is the logical process of weighing the potential costs of risks against the possible benefits of allowing those risks to stand uncontrolled.


What is the definition of a "hazard"?

A hazard is a present condition, event, object or circumstance that could lead to or contribute to an unplanned or desired event such as an accident.


What are several examples of aviation hazards?

a) A nick in the prop
b) Improper refueling of an aircraft
c) Pilot fatigue
d) Weather


What is the definition of "risk"?

Risk is the future impact of a hazard that is not controlled or eliminated.


How can the use of the "PAVE" checklist during flight planning help you to assess risk?

Use of the PAVE checklist provides pilots with a simple way to remember each category to examine for risk during flight planning. The pilot divides the risks of flight into four categories:

a) Pilot in command - general health, physical, mental, emotional state, proficiency, currency
b) Aircraft - airworthiness, equipment, performance, capability
c) enVironment - wx hazards, terrain, airports/runways to be used, conditions
d) External pressures - meetings, people waiting at destination, desire to impress, etc


Explain the use of a "personal minimums" checklist and how it can help a pilot control risk

One of the most important concepts that safe pilots understand is the difference between that is "legal" in terms of the regulations, and what is "smart" or "safe" in terms of pilot experience and proficiency. A pilot need to set personal limits based on experience and proficiency.


What is one method you can use to control and manage risk?

One way a pilot can limit exposure to risk is to set personal minimums for items in each risk category, again using PAVE. These are limits unique to that individual pilots current level of experience and proficiency.

a) Pilot - experience/recency (takeoffs/landings, hours make/model), physical/metal condition (IMSAFE)
b) Aircraft - fuel reserves, VFR da/night, aircraft performance (W&B, density altitude, etc), aircraft equipment (avionics familiarity, charts, survival gear).
c) enVironment - airport conditions (runway condition/length), wx (winds ceilings, visibilities)
d) External pressure - allowance for delays, diversion, cancelation, alternate plans, personal equipment available for alternate plans (phone numbers, credit cards, medications).


Explain the use of a personal checklist such as IMSAFE to determine personal risks.

Personal, self-assessment checklists assist pilots in conducting preflight checks on themselves, reviewing their physical and emotional states that could have an effect on their performance. The IMSAFE checklist reminds pilots to consider the following:

a) Illness - do I have any symptoms?
b) Medication - Have I been taking any medication?
c) Stress - Am I under psychological pressure from my job? Do I have money, health, family, problems?
d) Alcohol - Have I been drinking in the last 8 hours? From bottle to throttle (12 hrs)
e) Fatigue - Am I tired and not adequately rested up?
f) Emotions - Am I fully recovered from any upsetting events?