Rise of Asian Religions Flashcards Preview

Social studies > Rise of Asian Religions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Rise of Asian Religions Deck (12)
Loading flashcards...
1

Buddhism

founded in 5th century BC by Siddhartha Gautama; various teachings that would guide one to experience reality, ease suffering, rid selfishness, and reach a state of moksha

2

Hinduism

considered the world's oldest practiced religion traced to the ancient Vedic civilization; contains many diverse beliefs and traditions, one of which is reincarnation

3

nirvana

literally "to cease blowing" or state of freedom from the physical world; a state of happiness

4

The religion of ____ has its basis in the Vedic religions.

Buddhism
Hinduism

5

One of the basic ideas of Hinduism is the belief in _____.

reincarnation

6

What is karma?

Karma is a force that is shaped by the sum total of a person's actions.

7

In Hinduism, the state of being united with Brahman and no longer being reincarnated is called ____.

moksha

8

According to Hinduism, what is the Brahman?

The Brahman is the "world soul" and the source of the material universe.

9

Who was called Buddha?

Siddhartha Gautama

10

How is "right" defined in Buddhism?

that which is selfless or other-oriented

11

What is the state of happiness and enlightenment in Buddhism?

Nirvana

12

Why was Confucius important?

The Chinese have followed his teachings since the Han dynasty.