review sheet for SI Flashcards Preview

A&P test 4 > review sheet for SI > Flashcards

Flashcards in review sheet for SI Deck (84)
Loading flashcards...
1

the process in which water moves through a semi-permeable membrane from a higher to a lower concentration

osmosis

2

the term defined as the maintenance of a relatively consistent internal environment

homeostasis

3

the most common molecule that stores energy in individual cells

ATP

4

chemical reactions that produce larger molecules from smaller ones

anabolism

5

the type of cell division that creates the sex cells or gametes

meiosis

6

a substance that speeds up the rate of chemical reactions

catalyst

7

the most common polysaccharide in the human body

glycogen

8

the most common compound in the body

water

9

type of gland that secretes the whole cell as its secretion

holocrine

10

term used for what happens to the outermost layer of dead skin cells

desquamate

11

what is secreted by sebaceous glands

sebum

12

the vitamin produced in the skin and required for calcium absorption

vitamin D

13

structure that attaches two bones to one another

ligament

14

pockets or sacs of synovial fluid often associated with joints

bursa

15

the color of human skin is determined by the type and distribution of what

melanin

16

the smaller unit of work in the nervous system

twitch

17

the structure that includes a single neuron and all the muscle fibers it innervates

motor unit

18

the smallest structure that performs the specific work of the muscular system

sarcomere

19

the general type of molecule found inside synaptic vesicles or presynaptic cells

neurotransmitter

20

the functional cell of the nervous system

neuron

21

active transport of sodium and potassium requires what cell structures

ATP pumps

22

structure of the brain known as the third eye and involved in the sleep wake cycle

pineal gland

23

pain that occurs in a location other than where the lesion is

referred pain

24

term referring to when an organ is innervated sympathetically and parasympathetic ally

dual innervation

25

the hormone that provides sympathetic stimulation

adrenaline

26

the name of the test that records brain waves and electrical activity in the brain

EEG

27

the small space in bone that contains mature bone cells

Lacuna

28

the connective tissue that is a sheet under the skin and surrounds an entire muscle group

fascia

29

there nervous system division that causes immunosuppression when stimulated

sympathetic

30

the third autonomic nervous system division that appears to be independent of the CNS

Enteric