Flashcards in Respiratory Tract Infections Deck (50)
What is coryza?
Common cold - acute inflammation of nasal passages
How does diphtheria present?
Sore throat, low fever and pseudomembrane on tonsils/pharynx/nasal cavity
Describe acute epiglottitis
Inflammation and swelling of the epiglottis obstructs the vocal folds/trachea: life-threatening in children
What are some symptoms of acute bronchitis?
Productive cough (with fever in minority)
CXR and chest examinations are usually normal in acute bronchitis. True/False?
Are antibiotics indicated in acute bronchitis?
No, unless there is underlying (chronic) lung disease
Abdominal pain is not a symptom of pneumonia. True/False?
It could well be
What does CURB65 stand for? When is it used?
Urea more than 7
Resp rate more than 30
BP less than 90/61
65 yrs old
Used to assess community-acquired pneumonia
What is the commonest pathogenic cause of pneumonia?
What is special about legionella-acquired pneumonia?
Chest symptoms may be absent - usually more GI disturbance
How does influenza present?
High fever of abrupt onset
Malaise and myalgia
Cough (initially dry and painful)
Haemophilus influenzae is the primary cause of flu. True/False?
May be secondary invader
Which influenza virus is present in pandemics?
When are antivirals given for flu?
When patient is at risk of complications (such as pneumonia)
Give examples of 2 antivirals
Which disease(s) arises due to Coxiella burnetti?
What is bronchiolitis? Who is mainly affected?
LRTI common in babies and young children
Similar symptoms to a cold
Which virus is responsible for 90% of bronchiolitis?
What is an abscess?
Local collection of pus
Which 3 main types of virus cause coryza?
Rhinoviruses, coronaviruses, adenoviruses
What is ottis media?
How does sinusitis present?
Frontal headache, facial pain
What does xylometazoline do?
Which group of viruses most commonly cause pharyngitis?
What is laryngotracheobronchitis? Who is it most severe in?
Inflammatory oedema that can affect vocal cords, usually following parainfluenza infection
Most severe in kids under 3yrs
How would acute epiglottitis be treated?
Urgent endotracheal intubation
How quickly can influenza viruses incubate?
H5N1 flu strain is passed from pigs. True/False?
H1N1 is in pigs
Which flu strain is passed from birds to humans?