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Flashcards in Respiratory Tract Infections Deck (50)
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1

What is coryza?

Common cold - acute inflammation of nasal passages

2

How does diphtheria present?

Sore throat, low fever and pseudomembrane on tonsils/pharynx/nasal cavity

3

Describe acute epiglottitis

Inflammation and swelling of the epiglottis obstructs the vocal folds/trachea: life-threatening in children

4

What are some symptoms of acute bronchitis?

Productive cough (with fever in minority)
Transient wheeze

5

CXR and chest examinations are usually normal in acute bronchitis. True/False?

True

6

Are antibiotics indicated in acute bronchitis?

No, unless there is underlying (chronic) lung disease

7

Abdominal pain is not a symptom of pneumonia. True/False?

False
It could well be

8

What does CURB65 stand for? When is it used?

Confusion
Urea more than 7
Resp rate more than 30
BP less than 90/61
65 yrs old
Used to assess community-acquired pneumonia

9

What is the commonest pathogenic cause of pneumonia?

Streptococcus pneumoniae

10

What is special about legionella-acquired pneumonia?

Chest symptoms may be absent - usually more GI disturbance

11

How does influenza present?

High fever of abrupt onset
Malaise and myalgia
Headache
Cough (initially dry and painful)

12

Haemophilus influenzae is the primary cause of flu. True/False?

False
May be secondary invader

13

Which influenza virus is present in pandemics?

Influenza A

14

When are antivirals given for flu?

When patient is at risk of complications (such as pneumonia)

15

Give examples of 2 antivirals

Oseltamavir
Zanamivir

16

Which disease(s) arises due to Coxiella burnetti?

Pneumonia
Q fever
Endocarditis

17

What is bronchiolitis? Who is mainly affected?

LRTI common in babies and young children
Similar symptoms to a cold

18

Which virus is responsible for 90% of bronchiolitis?

RSV

19

What is an abscess?

Local collection of pus

20

Which 3 main types of virus cause coryza?

Rhinoviruses, coronaviruses, adenoviruses

21

What is ottis media?

Sore ear

22

How does sinusitis present?

Frontal headache, facial pain
Purulent rhinorrhoea
Fever

23

What does xylometazoline do?

Nasal decongestant

24

Which group of viruses most commonly cause pharyngitis?

Adenoviruses

25

What is laryngotracheobronchitis? Who is it most severe in?

Inflammatory oedema that can affect vocal cords, usually following parainfluenza infection
Most severe in kids under 3yrs

26

How would acute epiglottitis be treated?

Urgent endotracheal intubation
IV antibiotics

27

How quickly can influenza viruses incubate?

3 days

28

H5N1 flu strain is passed from pigs. True/False?

False
H1N1 is in pigs

29

Which flu strain is passed from birds to humans?

H5N1

30

Which patients are at risk of acute bronchitis?

Bacterially infected
COPD