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Flashcards in Respiratory Deck (187)
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151

Which nerve mediates the cough reflex?

internal laryngeal nerve

152

Would a PE more likely go to base or apex of lung?

base

153

Which two drugs can cause Pulmonary HTN?

cocaine and amphetamines

154

Which heart structure can be visible during Pulmonary HTN?

coronary sinus

155

Which tumor marker may be released by Large Cell Carcinoma of lung?

B-HCG

156

A bacterial lung abscess is caused by which two types of bacteria?

S. aureus or anaerobes

157

Does panacinar emphysema affect the upper or lower lobes?

upper

158

Does centriacinar emphysema affect the upper or lower lobes?

lower

159

What is the Hering-Bruer reflex?

stretch receptors in the lungs inhibit further inspiration

160

What does J Receptor stand for?

Juxtacapillary

161

Does obstructive atelectasis cause the trachea to deviate to or from the obstruction?

towards

162

How does obstructive atelectasis look on CXR?

unilateral opacification

163

Can aspiration pneumonia have giant cells?

yes

164

What type of atelectasis would present post-operatively within one hour with a fever?

resorption

165

What are the three first generation H1 blockers?

Diphenhydramine

Dimenhydrinate

Chlorpheniramine

166

Does Guaifenesin thin secretions or break up mucus plugs?

this

167

Does N-acetylcysteine thin secretions or break up mucus plugs?

break up plugs

168

What is the toxicity of Bosentan?

hepato

169

What are the two toxicities of Iliprost and epoprostenol?

jaw pain and flushing

170

Which artery in the posteriior nasal septum can cause life threatening bleeding?

sphenopalatine

171

What is the toxicity of Ziluteon?

hepato

172

What are the three toxicities of NRDS regarding oxygen administration?

Retinopathy

Intra-ventricular hemorrhage

Bronchopulmonary dysplasia

173

Would Retinopathy of Prematurity have increased or decreased vasculation? Why?

increased

hypoxia induces VEGF

174

What does thyroxine do to surfactant production?

increase

175

What are the two new tests for surfactant production in kids?

FOAM stability

surfactant/albumin

176

Which cell mediates the fibrosis of asbestosis?

macrophages

177

What type of calcifications for pneumoconioses?

eggshell

178

What type of pneumoconioses can present with Birefringment Crystals?

Silicosis

179

What type of pneumoconioses can increase the risk of bronchogenic carcinoma?

silicosis

180

Which procedure can cause a loss of peripheral chemoreceptors?

bilateral carotid endarterectomy