Flashcards in Respiratory Deck (187)
What is the MOA of theophylline?
Which receptors does ipratropium antagonize in the lung?
What is the transcriptional product of NFKB?
What are the two steroids used for lung inflammation?
What are the two leukotriene receptor antagonists?
What drug blocks the conversion of arachidonic acid to leukotrienes?
What is the endothelin receptor antagonist?
What is Omalizumab an antibody against? Free or receptor bound?
Which Fc receptor does IgE bind?
What is the relationship of the pulmonary artery to the bronchus on the right and the left side?
Right = anterior
left = posterior
What is fungal sinusitis a complication of?
What happens to the lung surface area during emphysema?
What is the Haldane Effect?
oxygenation of Hb promotes dissociation of H+
What is the Bohr Effect?
H+ dissociates O2 from Hb in peripheral tissues
How does the majority of CO2 get back to the lungs?
as bicarb in RBCs
What is the Chloride Shift?
exchage of HCO3 and chloride
Would ACD cause a left shift or right shift of O2-Hb dissociation curve?
What cells in the kidney is 1α-Hydroxylase located?
What is the Homan test? What is the Homan test indicative of?
pain on dorsiflexion of foot
What is Stewart-Treves Sydnrome? What causes it?
long standing lymphadenitis
Is Lofgren Syndrome an acute or chronic sarcoidosis?
What are the four symptoms of Lofgren Syndrome?
What is almost always the cause of Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis of the lung?
What are the two common presentations of Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis of the lung?
Which pneumocytes are destroyed during ARDS?
Type I and Type II
What causes the k-Ras mutations in lung adenocarcinoma?
What patient population is the EGFR mutation seen during lung adenocarcinoma?
In what populations are ALK mutations seen that lead to lung adenocarcinoma?
nonsmokers and young
Which cells give rise to Bronchioalveolar Carcinoma?