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Flashcards in Respiratory Deck (187)
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31

Would ARDS be a restrictive or obstructive disease?

restrictive

32

Would pulmonary Langgerhans Cell Histiocytosis be a restrictive or obstructive lung disease?

Obstructive

33

Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis may occur as a result to exposure to what two allergens?

Farmers

birds

34

How does sarcoidosis present in the eye?

anterior uveitis

35

What is Caplan Syndrome?

rheumatoid arthritis and pneumoconiosis

36

What part of the lung does asbestos effect?

base

37

What part of the lung does asbestos effect?

lower

38

What part of the lung do silica and coal effect?

upper

39

Which pneumoconioses increases risk to TB?

Silicosis

40

Which pneumoconioses increases risk of bronchogenic carcinoma?

silicosis

41

Below what ratio of lecithin:sphingomyelin is predictive or NRDS?

1.5

42

Other than drugs, what keeps a PDA open?

Hypoxemia

43

What are the two consequences of supplemental O2 during NRDS?

Bronchogenic dysplasia

retinopathy

44

What increases the risk of NRDS?

insulin

45

What decreases the risk of NRDS?

glucocorticoids

46

What mm of Hg would signal pulmonary HTN?

> 25 mm Hg

47

What gene is Primary Pulmonary HTN associated with?

BMPR2

48

What is the normal function of BMPR2?

inhibit smooth muscle function

49

What is a Pancoast tumor?

tumor in apex of lung

50

Which four cancers commonly metastisize to the lung?

bladder, colon, breast, prostate

51

What are four sites lung cancer commonly metastisizes to?

Adrenal, Brain, Bone, liver

52

Are adenocarcinomas central or peripheral?

peripheral

53

What type of lung cancer most often appears in non-smokers?

adenocarcinoma

54

What three oncegenes is lung adenocarcinoma associate with?

KRAS/EGFR/ALK

55

Which lung cancer is associated with clubbing?

Adenocarcinoma

56

Which type of lung cancer grows along the alveolar septa?

Bronchioloalveolar subtype

57

Is squamous cell carcinoma central or peripheral?

central

58

Which lung cancer subtype produces a cavitation?

squamous

59

Cigarette smoking most often causes what type of lung cancer?

squamous

60

Which type of lung cancer is associated with hypercalcemia? Why?

squamous

releases PTHrp