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Flashcards in Research Design Deck (13)
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1

Preclinical Research

Basic research
-in laboritories on animals
-focused on theory and understanding mechanisms of disease/therapies

2

Clinical Research

applied research
-human subjects
-focused on testing theories that find new and better was to detect, diagnose, treat, and prevent disease or develop theories

3

Model of clinical research process
Step 1

Identify the research questions

4

Model of clinical research process
Step 2

Design the study
-who will be studied
-how subjects will be chosen
-what to measure
-what statistical methods for data analysis

5

Model of clinical research process
Step 3

Implement the study
-collect data: most time consuming part of research process

6

Model of clinical research process
Step 4

Analyze the data
-apply statistical procedures to summarize/explore quantitative info in a meaningful way

7

Model of clinical research process
Step 5

Disseminate Findings

8

Descriptive research

-qualitative and quantitative
-case report
-describe a group of individuals on a set of variables
-uses questionnaires, interviews, direct observation, or database

9

Exploratory research

-observational without intervention
-find relationships between factors
-cohort studies
-case control studies

10

Explanatory research

-Experimental with intervention
-establish cause and effect
-RCT

11

Cohort study

select a cohort who don't have outcome of interest and follow them to see if they develop disorder

12

Case-Control study

select cases and controls and look back in time to determine if the groups differ with respect to their exposure histories

13

Longitudinal study

follow a cohort of subjects over multiple points in time performing repeated measurements