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Flashcards in religions Of The World Deck (30)
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A_Is a belief in the supernatural power or powers that are regarded as the creators and maintainers of the universe

religion

1

what are the three types of religions?

monotheistic, polytheistic, animistic

2

what is monotheism?

belief in one God

3

what is polytheism?

belief in many gods

4

what is animism?

traditional or belief and animals

5

judaism, Christianity and Islam or three religions that began in Southwest_

Asia

6

_
– Monotheism: one God who is all-powerful and all-knowing
– This God made a special covenant or agreement with Abraham, who is the father of the Jewish people
– God revealed his laws to his people through Moses and the 10 Commandments

judaism

7

_
– Was heavily influenced by Judaism
– Monotheism
– Jesus Christ died for the sins of humankind
– Salvation comes from faith in God

christianity

8

christians believe the_of the Bible are holy books. The first four books of the New Testament were written by followers of Jesus and base on his life and teachings

Old and New Testament's

9

Give an example of a branch of Christianity.

Roman Catholic, protestant, Eastern Orthodox

10

_
– Monotheistic religion that developed in Saudi Arabia in the early 600s
– It is related to Judaism and Christianity
– It was founded by the Prophet Mohammed who live from 570 to 632 in Saudi Arabia

Islam

11

what are the five pillars or central teachings of Islam?

A statement of faith, pray five times a day, charity, pilgrimage to Mecca, fasting

12

The teachings of Mohammed were collected in a book called the_. Muslims worship and buildings called_

koran, mosques

13

_
– One of the oldest religions in the world
– Polytheistic that originated in South Asia around 2500 B.C.E.

hinduism

14

_Is the spirit or soul of a person, which most Hindus believe, is eternal

atman

15

_Refers to a supreme spirit but it can also mean infinite and unchanging reality

brahman

16

_Believe that the goal of life is to realize you're atman is the same as brahman and thereby reach mokash or liberation

Hindus

17

Hindus believe in_and_. A person dies then lives again until they finally reach Moksha

reincarnation and karma

18

_Have several holy books called vedas, upanishads, and the epics of mahabharata and ramdyana

Hindus

19

the_is a system of social organization in India. When a person is born they are born into one of the castes or as a Dalit. The system has lead to discrimination and has been outlawed in India. Hindus still debate whether the _ is part of Hinduism or an outdated social custom

caste system

20

brahmins-teachers/priests
kshatriyas-warriors/nobles/kings
raishyas-farmers/merchants/buisness
shudras-servants/laborists
(untouchables-anyone handicaped)
are all part of what?

caste system

21

_Is related to Hinduism and shares many of the same beliefs. The relationship between_and Hinduism is similar to the relationship between Christianity and Judaism

buddhism

22

buddhism was founded by a man named_who was born around 500 to 400 BC in Nepal

Siddhartha

23

_Is a religion or philosophy that began in China around 500 to 400 BC

taoism

24

tradition says that Taoism is based on the teachings of_

laozi

25

the_is a collection of laozis teachings

tai te ching

26

_Is a philosophy that began in China around 500 to 400 BC

confucianism

27

confucianism is based on the teachings of_

Confucius

28

_Is concerned mainly with social organization. It emphasized respect for elders and education

confucianism

29

One ancient belief that has been incorporated into many religions in Asia is the idea of_

worshiping and respecting one's ancestors