Flashcards in Random Shit 1 Deck (16)
◦The component of the criminal justice system that deals with individuals who have been convicted (or accused) of a crime. Corrections ensures that an offender’s sentence/court orders are carried out.
What does corrections include?
◦Drug Treatment Programs
◦Mental Health Facilities/Programs
The purpose of corrections
Classical school of penology
◦Based on logic and reason. People engage in criminal behavior as a result of their own free will.
◦The study of the processes and institutions involved in the punishment and prevention of crime.
◦Pain-pleasure principle: Individuals choose their behaviors based on how much pleasure they derive from them. Thus, experience of pain should lead people to avoid repeating the behavior that caused the pain.
◦Deterrence: People will avoid potentially pleasurable acts (criminal acts) if the pain or fear of punishment is significant.
◦Penology: Punishment, incarceration, & rehabilitation
MORE FROM BECCARIA AND THE CLASSICAL SCHOOL:
Believe that human actions have causes …………………which can be found in the thoughts and experience that precede those actions
A philosophy of punishment driven by a passion for revenge.
A philosophy driven by simple deterrence and a need to repair the wrongs done.
All goals in life are means to the end of achieving pleasure and/or avoiding pain.
The state of having good sense and sound judgement based on the evidence before us.
Individuals are assumed to logically weigh the anticipated benefits of a given course of action against its possible costs.
When an offender commits further crimes, after already being caught and given a court ordered intervention.
Crime Control Model
Emphasizes community protection from criminals and stresses that civil liberties can have real meaning only in a safe, well-ordered society.