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Flashcards in Random Shit 1 Deck (16)
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1

Corrections

◦The component of the criminal justice system that deals with individuals who have been convicted (or accused) of a crime. Corrections ensures that an offender’s sentence/court orders are carried out.

2

What does corrections include?

◦Jail
◦Prison
◦Probation
◦Parole
◦Community Service
◦Home Confinement
◦Drug Treatment Programs
◦Mental Health Facilities/Programs

3

The purpose of corrections

◦PUNISHMENT
◦TREATMENT
◦SUPERVISION
◦MANAGEMENT

4

Classical school of penology

◦Based on logic and reason. People engage in criminal behavior as a result of their own free will.

5

Penology

◦The study of the processes and institutions involved in the punishment and prevention of crime.

6

Cesar's Beccara

◦Pain-pleasure principle: Individuals choose their behaviors based on how much pleasure they derive from them. Thus, experience of pain should lead people to avoid repeating the behavior that caused the pain.
◦Deterrence: People will avoid potentially pleasurable acts (criminal acts) if the pain or fear of punishment is significant.
◦Penology: Punishment, incarceration, & rehabilitation

7

MORE FROM BECCARIA AND THE CLASSICAL SCHOOL:

1. CERTAINTY
2. SWIFTNESS
3. SEVERITY

8

Positivists

Believe that human actions have causes …………………which can be found in the thoughts and experience that precede those actions

9

Retributive Justice

A philosophy of punishment driven by a passion for revenge.

10

Restitutive Justice

A philosophy driven by simple deterrence and a need to repair the wrongs done.

11

Hedonism

All goals in life are means to the end of achieving pleasure and/or avoiding pain.

12

Rationality

The state of having good sense and sound judgement based on the evidence before us.

13

Hedonistic Calculus

Individuals are assumed to logically weigh the anticipated benefits of a given course of action against its possible costs.

14

Recidivism

When an offender commits further crimes, after already being caught and given a court ordered intervention.

15

Crime Control Model

Emphasizes community protection from criminals and stresses that civil liberties can have real meaning only in a safe, well-ordered society.

16

Due Process Model

Stresses the accused’s rights more than the rights of the community.