Flashcards in Random Review for Test Deck (37)
What is acromegaly?
syndrome resulting when the anterior pituitary produces excess growth hormone after closure of puberty state....often associated with gigantism
Why is it important to provide a stress dose of corticosteroids for patients with autoimmune disorders on chronic therapy?
b\c they are susceptible to cardiovascular collapse b\c they cannot release endogenous cortisol in response to stress
What age group does acromegaly most affect?
middle aged men and women
Acromegaly is a ________ disorder.
Acromegaly causes an increase of the production of what hormone?
What are common signs and symptoms of acromegaly?
enlargement of hands, feet, head, forehead, jaw, and tongue
Do patients with acromegaly always require a larger ETT?
What is the affinity of carbon monoxides for Hgb compared to oxygen?
What portion of the pediatric body in the rule of nine is greater compared to adults?
In a burn patient, at what point should you avoid succinylcholine?
after 24 hours
T/F? You can assume that a burn patient with a pulse oximetry reading of 100% is adequately oxygenated.
What is the first line treatment for HTN in the phechromocytoma patient prior to surgery?
Is bradycardia indicative of a thyroid storm?
no; but hyperthermia, metabolic acidosis, abnormal LFT's, and atrial fibrillation is
T/F? Careful airway assessment is vital in hypothyroid, but not as important in hyperthyroid.
Which endocrine disorders are associated with sensitivity to paralytics?
cushings, addisons, hypothyroid, hyperthyroid
What 2 hormones are secreted from the posterior pituitary (neurohypophysis)?
vasopressin (ADH), oxytocin
What is SIADH?
syndrome of inappropriate anti diuretic hormone secretion; characterized by excessive release of ADH from the posterior pituitary; often results in dilutional hyponatremia
What are some common causes of SIADH?
intracranial tumor, porphyria, lung cancer, hypothyroid
Is hyperthyroidism a known cause of SIADH?
no!! hypothyroidism is
What anesthetic technique is inadvisable in patients with multiple sclerosis?
What is the gold standard for diagnosing MH?
caffeine halothane contracture test (CHCT)
What is the earliest sign of MH?
increased ETCO2 >55mmHg
Why is cardizem not an appropriate drug choice for dysrhythmias associated with MH?
b\c it is a CCB
What is the correct classification for MH?
Injury is the leading cause of death between ages 1 and 45 in US. (T/F)
Tertiary survey occurs prior to discharge to reassess and confirm known injuries and identify occult ones. (T/F)
What drugs should be avoided in a chest trauma patient in hypovolemic shock?
N2O, atracurium, mivacurium; KETAMINE IS OK
What antiemetic is safe for use in a Parkinsons patient?