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Flexibility in the law most directly makes the law:
A) static
B) consistent
C) adaptable
D) predictable
E) accountable

C) adaptable

1

Which of the following is NOT a general function of the law?
A) facilitating orderly change
B) facilitating planning
C) providing a basis or compromise
D) maximizing individual freedom
E) ensuring the supply of and demand for products in the United States economy

E) ensuring the supply and demand for products in the United States ecomony

2

Which of the following is true regarding priority of law in the United States?
A) Federal statutes take precedence over federal regulations.
B) Valid federal law takes precedence over any conflicting state or local law.
C) State constitutions rank as the highest state law.
D) Valid state law takes precedence over local laws.
E) Federal statutes take precedence over federal regulations, valid federal law takes precedence over any conflicting state or local law, state constitution rank as the highest state law, and valid state law takes precedence over local laws.

E) Federal statutes take precedence over federal regulations, valid federal law takes precedence over any conflicting state or local law, state constitution rank as the highest state law, and valid state law takes precedence over local laws.

3

The court's decision in Brown v. Board of Education had what effect on the decision made in Plessy v. Ferguson?
A) It followed precedent.
B) If applied the doctrine of stare decisis.
C) It applied the principle of preemption.
D) It showed that precedent can be overruled and is not binding in every situation.
E) It showed that the United States Constitution is not subjected to interpretation.

D) It showed that precedent can be overruled and is not binding in every situation.

4

Which of the following is not a recognized school of jurisdictional thought?
A) the Existential School
B) the Natural Law School
C) the Historical School
D) the Analytical School
E) the Sociological School

A) the Existential School

5

Which of the following is most consistent with the Natural Law School of jurisprudence?
A)Law is based on moral and an ethical principle of what or right, and it is the job of men and women through study, to discover what these principles are.
B) the law is a reflection of society, this the law must change naturally as society changes over time.
C) The laws of men are secondary to the laws of nature, and thus the laws of nature take precedence whenever the laws of man are in conflict with the laws of nature.
D) By applying the rules of logic to specific cases, the logical, or natural, result will be obtained.
E) Laws must first and foremost respect, preserve and promote the preservation of the environment and life in all its forms.

A) Law is based on moral and an ethical principle of what or right, and it is the job of men and women through study, to discover what these principles are.

6

The school of jurisprudence that believes that free free market forces should determine the outcome of lawsuits is:
A) the Command School.
B) the Sociological School.
C) the Critical Legal Studies School.
D) the Law and Economics School.
E) the Analytical School.

D) the Law and Economics School

7

The remedy, or relief, that was available in the law courts of England was:
A) specific performance.
B) fines and imprisonment.
C) monetary awards for damages.
D) returning the parties to their positions before the dispute arose.
E) substantial performance.

C) monetary awards for damages.

8

Which branch of government has the power to enforce the law?
A) executive
B) legislative
C) judicial
D) state
E) federal

A) executive

9

Assume that there is a provision in the Colorado state constitution that is in conflict with a valid federal statute that was passed by the U.S. Congress and enacted into law. Which is true?
A) The Colorado constitution provision will control; the federal statute is invalid.
B) The federal statute will control and make the state constitution provision invalid.
C) in Colorado, the Colorado constitution provision will control over the statute passed by Congress, but the federal statue will apply in the other 49 states.
D) Within Colorado, whichever was passed earlier will control over the other.
E) Within Colorado, whichever was passed later will control over the other.

B) The federal statute will control and make the state constitution provision invalid.

10

A local zoning law is an example of which of the following?
A) ordinances
B) statutes
C) executive orders
D) regulations
E) judicial mandates

A) ordinances

11

Stare decisis is the doctrine of:
A) separation of powers so that decisions are not made by a single branch of government.
B) following precedent so that legal principles in earlier cases are followed in later cases.
C) constitutional principles applied when making any decision.
D) spending long periods of time looking at facts before making a decision.
E) legislative law approved by judges.

B) following precedent so that legal principles in earlier cases are followed in later cases.

12

Our country's form of government is referred to as:
A) imperialism
B) federalism
C) altruism
D) statism
E) nationalism

B) federalism

13

When the states ratified the United States Constitution, they delegated certain powers called __________ powers to the federal government.
A) holistic
B) reserved
C) shared
D) enumerated
E) prima facie

D) enumerated

14

Powers that are NOT mentioned in the U.S Constitution:
A) are held both by the states and by the federal government
B) are reserved to the states
C) are reserved to the federal government
D) can be delegated by the U.S. Supreme Court to either the states or the federal government.
E) cannot be exercised by either the states of the federal government.

B) are reserved to the states

15

The concept of federal law taking precedent over state or local law is commonly called the __________ doctrine.
A) preemption
B) circumvention
C) supremacy
D) assumption
E) preeminence

A) preemption

16

The Commerce Clause of the United States Constitution gives the federal government the __________ power to regulate commerce with foreign nations.
A) reserved
B) exclusive
C) shared
D) qualified
E) conditional

B) exclusive

17

States retain the power to regulate intrastate business activity and much interstate business activity that occurs within their borders. This is commonly referred to as states' __________ power.
A) commerce
B) supremacy
C) autonomous
D) police
E) delegated

D) police

18

In addition to the Bill of Rights, __________ other amendments have been added to the United States Constitution.
A) ten (10)
B) fourteen (14)
C) seventeen (17)
D) twenty-seven (27)
E) thirty-three (33)

C) seventeen (17)

19

When television personalities make fun of the President, they are engaging in:
A) protected speech
B) limited protected speech
C) unprotected speech
D) commercial speech
E) disparagement

A) protected speech

20

__________ are courts that hear cases of a general nature that are not within the jurisdiction of limited-jurisdiction trial courts.
A) Courts of record
B) Intermediate appellate courts
C) Inferior trial courts
D) State supreme courts

A) Courts of record

21

Decisions of the __________ are final unless a question of law is involved that is appealable to the U.S. Supreme Court.
A) courts of appeals
B) courts of records
C) highest state courts
D) general-jurisdiction trial courts

C) highest state courts

22

The __________ hears cases brought against the United States.
A) U.S. Supreme Court
B) U.S. Tax Court
C) U.S. Court of Federal Claims
D) U.S. District Court

C) U.S. Court of Federal Claims

23

Judges for federal courts are selected __________.
A) by election by the voters within the state where they preside
B) by the president, subject to confirmation by the Senate
C) by the U.S. Supreme Court justices
D) by the sitting federal judges within the same circuit

B) by the president, subject to confirmation by the Senate

24

Which of the following courts are the federal court system's trial courts of general jurisdiction?
A) U.S. district courts
B) U.S. Tax Courts
C) U.S. courts of appeals
D) U.S courts of federal claims

A) U.S. district courts

25

The geographical area served by each U.S. court of appeals is referred to as a __________.
A) district
B) county
C) range
D) circuit

D) circuit

26

Which of the following courts are considered as the federal court system's intermediate appellate courts?
A) U.S Courts of Appeals for Veterans Claims
B) U.S. Courts of appeals
C) U.S. district courts
D) U.S. courts of federal claims

B) U.S. Courts of appeals

27

The U.S. Supreme Court is composed of __________ justices.
A) nine
B) six
C) ten
D) three

A) nine

28

How are the justices of the U.S. Supreme Court appointed?
A) They are nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate.
B) They are directly appointed by the President of the United States.
C) They are nominated and confirmed by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.
D) They are nominated by the Associate Justices and confirmed by the Chief Justice.

A) They are nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate.

29

__________ refers to an official notice that the Supreme Courts will review a case.
A) Wit of certiorari
B) Stare decisis
C) En banc review
D) Sua sponte

A) Wit of certiorari