Quiz Chapter 8 & 9 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Quiz Chapter 8 & 9 Deck (30)
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1

An unequal distribution of power in which gender shapes who has access to a group's resources, opportunities, rights, and privileges is known as

gender stratification

2

"Research into masculinity and femininity as flexible, complex, and historically and culturally constructed categories" is known as

gender studies

3

Alfred Kinsey hypothesized which of the following about human sexual behavior?

Humans exist on a continuum between homosexual and heterosexual behavior

4

Ann Stoler explored the intersections of sexuality, race, class, and nation for working out

power relations of colonialism

5

T/F
Asexuality is the unbiased erotic attraction to individuals of all genders and biological sexes.

False

6

Helen Fisher suggests that humans have developed nuerochemical reactions that drive an "evolutionary trajectory of love." Which neurochemical does she identify as important in human sexuality?

dopamine

7

T/F Gendered packaging, descriptions, advertisements, and product names continue to promote a gendered ideology in the United States.

True

8

Bisexuality is the attraction to and sexual relations between members of both sexes.

True

9

Transgender individuals are common in many Native American groups. Which of the following terms is most appropriately used today to describe these individuals?

Two-Spirits

10

A man striking a woman in an argument (or vice-versa) is an example of

gender violence

11

T/F
Sex and gender are the same thing.

False

12

White-collar male workers in which nation are likely to visit highly sexualized "hostess bars" with colleagues after work?

Japan

13

T/F
"Sex" a term used to refer to biological differences between males and females, while "gender" is the cultural expectations of masculine and feminine behavior.

True

14

Most Western societies have historically responded to the small minority of individuals who are intersex by

assigning a gender, often with surgery or hormone treatment

15

The complex range of desires, beliefs, and behaviors related to erotic physical contact is known as

sexuality

16

T/F
Michel Foucault concept of "biopower" refers to the growing acceptance of transgender individuals in Western societies.

False

17

In October 2014, Columbia University students carried 28 mattresses onto campus to protest

allegations of improper handling of sexual assault cases.

18

In Nigeria, influences from international gay rights movements affect the masu harka and the yan daudu by

• Complicating their traditional practices of same-sex practices in addition to traditional Muslim marriages.
• Narrowing definitions of sexuality and influencing others' perceptions of their lifestyle.
• Highlighting wounds from colonial control.

19

Approximately what percentage of humans are born with biological traits associated with neither exactly male nor exactly female?

1.7%

20

The average human male is physically stronger than the average human female. However, on average, human females live longer than human males. This is an example of

sexual dimorphism

21

The ______ of India are both feared and revered, living in the space between man and woman.

hijras

22

T/F
According to archaeological evidence and comparative ethnographic work, patterns of male dominance have existed since our earliest cultures.

False

23

The scientific study of sexuality that began to emerge in the United States in the late 1800s and continues today is known as

sexology

24

According to chapter 9, what percentage of college students in a 2006 survey would define oral sex as "having sex" with someone?

40%

25

In Mexican society, males are often associated with the term "machismo," which indicates toughness and self-centeredness. This is an example of

cultural construction of gender

26

T/F
Echoing the early ethnographies of the Native American culture that romanticized the Two-Spirits, Native Americans who are part of the LGBTQ+ community feel more accepted than their white peers.

False

27

The belief that people, events, and the cultural environment around us shapes our sexual desires and behaviors is known as the __________ theoretical approach to human sexuality.

constructionist

28

According to Chrys Ingraham, the notion of "white weddings" influences American society in which of the following ways?

The father "giving away" the bride promotes the idea of women as "property."

29

T/F
Approximately 60 percent of the world's poorest people are women and girls.

True

30

T/F
Sex tourism is a result of globalization and provides false hope to women who seek to marry out of their culture.

True