Quiz Chapter 5, Legare, Miner Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Quiz Chapter 5, Legare, Miner Deck (20)
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1

T/F
According to "Out of Africa" theory, modern Homo sapiens first evolved in Africa then began to migrate outward to other parts of the globe.

True

2

Anthropologists and geological scholars today estimate the Earth to be approximately how old?

4.5 billion years

3

What is the pigment that gives our skin color?

melanin

4

Physical anthropologists adhere to which of the following theories of human origins?

evolution

5

Any agent that increases the frequency or extent of DNA deviations is known as a:

mutagen

6

T/F
Variations of skin tone (sometimes defined as "races") are the result of physical adaptations over generations to available UV light at a given latitude.

True

7

What type of evidence is NOT used to help us learn about the origins of the human species?

written records

8

A child's mother takes prenatal vitamins, ensuring that the child reaches its growth potential in utero. The resulting benefits to the child are an example of:

developmental adaptation

9

Environmental changes over thousands of years converted large parts of Pre-Australopiths' African habitat from forest to savannah grassland. Which adaptation emerged during this time to become of the key distinguishing characteristics of our ancestors?

bipedalism

10

(Legare 2017)
Legare suggests that ______ has a strong influence over the evolution of species, particularly humans.

enculturation

11

T/F
Intelligent design is an updated version of creationism that claims to combine evolution with creation.

False

12

(Miner 1956)
In Body Ritual Among the Nacirema, Miner is describing what peoples from the outside?

Americans

13

A chance deviation from the standard DNA code results in a squirrel being born with a longer, flatter tail. Which of the following mechanisms of evolution best describes this example?

mutation

14

(Miner 1956)
What is the colloquial term for the "charm-box" of the Nacirema?

medicine cabinet

15

The earliest known prehuman tool type is the

Oldowan

16

T/F
Human evolution stopped long ago because we reached our "perfect" state.

False

17

(Miner 1956)
Who are the "listeners" of the Nacirema?

psychologists

18

T/F
Bipedalism is the ability to habitually walk on two legs.

True

19

A UNLV student takes a semester abroad to Osaka, Japan. Within the first days, they begin to bow and greet others in the traditional Japanese fashion. This is an example of:

cultural adaptation

20

T/F
Cumulative culture is the capacity to accumulate and build upon the cultural innovations of previous generations, further influence evolution of future populations.

True