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Flashcards in Quiz Chapter 3 & 4 Deck (30)
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1

Chan has started a project comparing health care practices from a village in Mozambique to similar techniques in rural Kentucky. This process of cross-cultural, comparative research is known as:

ethnology

2

T/F
If you investigated the ways in which language is gendered in a particular culture, you would be considering the sociolinguistics of that culture.

True

3

How long ago do anthropologists believe language began to emerge?

within the past 150,000 years

4

T/F
The emic perspective investigates how people within the population being studied think and understand the world.

True

5

Carlos is an anthropologist who wants to learn more about how social bonding is formed among American college students. He begins by recording whom students turn to in times of need. This technique is known as:

social network analysis

6

Mel, a pet pug, barks three times every day when his owner prepares to feed him dinner. Which of the following terms is most applicable to Mel's communication?

call system

7

Corrine is researching the Nuer of South Sudan, and she learns how they care for their cattle by asking a lot questions and pitching in with daily tasks that the Nuer undertake to care for these important animals. This practice is best known as:

participant observation

8

Which of the following research methods involves a conversation wherein a respondent is asked a specific set of questions?

interview

9

What term best describes the ability to navigate between writing in an academic tone and speaking in daily, common language?

code switching

10

Grammar is defined as:

combined set of rules that govern use of a particular language

11

According to Palfrey and Gasser (p. 141), which of the following terms applies to the generation that was born after 1980, was raised in the digital age, and has spent their entire lives thinking digitally?

digital natives

12

T/F
Anthropologists are not concerned with protecting the identity of their field informants.

False; they ARE concerned

13

T/F
Verb endings such as "-ing" and "-ed" are phonemes, while verbs such as "studying" or "worked" are morphemes.

True

14

Anthropologists engage in _____ to consider how their personal identity and life experiences affect fieldwork and theoretical analysis.

reflexivity

15

Which type of linguistics is defined as "the study of the sounds, symbols, and gestures of a language, and their combination into forms that communicate meaning"?

descriptive language

16

T/F
A list of all the words for names, events, and ideas existing in a particular language is known as a lexicon.

True

17

Which research method can gather quantitative data and reach large numbers of people quickly?

survey

18

T/F
Zeros are the result of omitted details or missing individuals whose absence offers insight into sensitive topics.

True

19

T/F
The study of the relationship between body movements and communication to convey messages with or without words is known as kinesics.

True

20

_____ is the smallest unit of sound that makes a difference in meaning.

phoneme

21

T/F
The practice of using quotes from the population being studied to provide many different voices speaking directly on the topic is called polyvocality.

True

22

__________ is known for contributing the method of participant observation to the anthropologist's toolkit.

Bronislaw Malinowski

23

How many languages are currently in use in the world?

nearly 7,000

24

Anthropologists increasingly use their observations and analysis to bring about positive change in the communities where they work. This concept is known as:

engaged anthropology

25

T/F
The study of how language develops and changes over time is known as communicative linguistics.

False; historical linguistics

26

Terms such as participant observation, ethnography, and cultural relativism are part of the anthropologist's

focal vocabulary

27

__________ is known for contributing the practice of salvage ethnography.

Franz Boas

28

T/F
Qualitative data provides descriptive analysis while quantitative data provides statistical information.

True

29

______ suggests that different languages create different ways of thinking.

The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis

30

Anthropologists are ethically bound to let those we study know why we are studying them, and to obtain their permission to do so. Which term summarizes this obligation?

informed consent