Flashcards in Quiz Chapter 3 & 4 Deck (30)
Chan has started a project comparing health care practices from a village in Mozambique to similar techniques in rural Kentucky. This process of cross-cultural, comparative research is known as:
If you investigated the ways in which language is gendered in a particular culture, you would be considering the sociolinguistics of that culture.
How long ago do anthropologists believe language began to emerge?
within the past 150,000 years
The emic perspective investigates how people within the population being studied think and understand the world.
Carlos is an anthropologist who wants to learn more about how social bonding is formed among American college students. He begins by recording whom students turn to in times of need. This technique is known as:
social network analysis
Mel, a pet pug, barks three times every day when his owner prepares to feed him dinner. Which of the following terms is most applicable to Mel's communication?
Corrine is researching the Nuer of South Sudan, and she learns how they care for their cattle by asking a lot questions and pitching in with daily tasks that the Nuer undertake to care for these important animals. This practice is best known as:
Which of the following research methods involves a conversation wherein a respondent is asked a specific set of questions?
What term best describes the ability to navigate between writing in an academic tone and speaking in daily, common language?
Grammar is defined as:
combined set of rules that govern use of a particular language
According to Palfrey and Gasser (p. 141), which of the following terms applies to the generation that was born after 1980, was raised in the digital age, and has spent their entire lives thinking digitally?
Anthropologists are not concerned with protecting the identity of their field informants.
False; they ARE concerned
Verb endings such as "-ing" and "-ed" are phonemes, while verbs such as "studying" or "worked" are morphemes.
Anthropologists engage in _____ to consider how their personal identity and life experiences affect fieldwork and theoretical analysis.
Which type of linguistics is defined as "the study of the sounds, symbols, and gestures of a language, and their combination into forms that communicate meaning"?
A list of all the words for names, events, and ideas existing in a particular language is known as a lexicon.
Which research method can gather quantitative data and reach large numbers of people quickly?
Zeros are the result of omitted details or missing individuals whose absence offers insight into sensitive topics.
The study of the relationship between body movements and communication to convey messages with or without words is known as kinesics.
_____ is the smallest unit of sound that makes a difference in meaning.
The practice of using quotes from the population being studied to provide many different voices speaking directly on the topic is called polyvocality.
__________ is known for contributing the method of participant observation to the anthropologist's toolkit.
How many languages are currently in use in the world?
Anthropologists increasingly use their observations and analysis to bring about positive change in the communities where they work. This concept is known as:
The study of how language develops and changes over time is known as communicative linguistics.
False; historical linguistics
Terms such as participant observation, ethnography, and cultural relativism are part of the anthropologist's
__________ is known for contributing the practice of salvage ethnography.
Qualitative data provides descriptive analysis while quantitative data provides statistical information.
______ suggests that different languages create different ways of thinking.
The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis