Quiz Chapter 2 and Syllabus Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Quiz Chapter 2 and Syllabus Deck (13)
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1

T/F
Ethnocentrism is the tendency to use one's own culture to evaluate and judge the practices and beliefs of others.

True

2

T/F
Structural functionalism is a framework that suggests each element of society serves a range of potential functions that serve to challenge the status quo.

False

3

"Individuals and groups have the power to contest cultural norms, values, mental maps of reality, symbols, institutions, and structures of power" (page 52). That
potential is known as

agency

4

The uneven distribution of resources and privileges among participants in a group or culture is known as

stratification

5

According to the U.S. Census Bureau data of 2010, approximately _____ percent of marriages
involved interracial couples.

10

6

Culture is a living, changing set of ideas and norms that are shaped by:

Social environment,
personal choice,

7

The process by which one learns the patterns of behavior, beliefs, and institutions of a group of people is called

enculturation

8

T/F
Franz Boas was a proponent of unilineal cultural evolution, arguing that there is a set sequence of stages to the rise of complex cultures.

False

9

Anthropologists attempt to understand a group's beliefs and practices within its own cultural context, as opposed to the context of the anthropologist's home
culture. This practice is best known as

cultural relativism

10

Bernice spends time each day reading online news reports from several different news agencies around the world. As a result, she becomes aware of multiple
ideas and perspectives and incorporates them into her own outlook and actions.
This is an example of which of the following?

cosmopolitanism

11

T/F
The interpretivist approach sees culture primarily as a symbolic system of deep meaning.

True

12

T/F
Margaret Mead is known for studying the sexual practices of the Samoans, challenging assumptions
about gender and the roles of men and women in the United States.

True

13

Term:
The ability of the dominant group to create consent and agreement within a population without the use or threat of force

hegemony