Quiz Chapter 16 & 17 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Quiz Chapter 16 & 17 Deck (30)
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1

In 2014, what portion of children in the United States was delivered surgically by cesarean section?

one-third

2

All of the microorganisms in your body are collectively known as:

the human microbiome

3

According to Gaunt and her study of black girls' playground games, hand-clapping and rope-jumping embody a combination of movement and voice she calls:

kinetic orality

4

T/F
When cultural movement brings new diseases, medical treatments, and careseekers across national borders, we call this medical migration.

True

5

Fine art is creative expression and communication often associated with which social group?

cultural elites

6

T/F
The concept of biomedicine is closely linked with Western economic and political expansion.

True

7

The Western belief that there is an intrinsic way of perceiving art that can be found across all cultures is known as:

universal gaze

8

The individual patient's experience of being unwell is best known as:

an illness

9

Where is the hub of the West African art trade in the United States?

New York City

10

Local systems of health and healing rooted in culturally specific norms and values are known as:

ethnomedicine

11

What is MOST likely to be a role for medical anthropologists?

studying how staff attitudes affect health care delivery in a New York women's clinic

12

T/F
Based upon life expectancy, the United States has the healthiest population and most advanced medicine.

False

13

The cultural flows of media and images that enable linkages and communication across boundaries in new ways is known as

the global mediascape

14

T/F
Medical pluralism is the intersection (and use) of multiple cultural approaches to healing.

True

15

T/F
The specialization within anthropology that focuses on human health, illness, and healing is known as disease anthropology.

False

16

According to Winegar's work on Middle Eastern art, defining "good Middle Eastern art" further reinforces

perceived differences between cultures

17

T/F
According to Traditional Chinese Medicine, the body's qi must be in balanced and flowing for one to be in good health.

True

18

If an anthropologist seeks to link environmental factors with local disease, they are investigating the

medical ecology

19

Photographs are often presumed to be neutral in their presentation of images, but in fact represent the perspective of the person behind the camera. This inherent photographic bias is known as:

photographic gaze

20

T/F
From an anthropologist's perspective, a woman cooking a Thanksgiving feast for her family is an artist.

True

21

T/F
Paleolithic cave paintings in Europe provide evidence that humans already had highly developed artistic skills by 10,000-32,000 years ago.

True

22

According to your textbook, which of the following countries has the highest life expectancy?
Japan
Egypt
China
Australia

Japan

23

The way a person perceives art through his or her senses (as opposed to an intellectual understanding) is best known as the:

aesthetic experience

24

The personal accounts that people tell to explain their experiences of illness are called:

illness narratives

25

T/F
In art, the term authenticity describes an object's antiquity, uniqueness, and originality within a local culture.

True

26

Which of the following perspectives studies health as a system of power?

critical medical anthropology

27

Much of the non-Western art displayed in the West has been gathered through

colonial encounters

28

T/F
Discoveries in Blombos Cave, South Africa suggest that anatomically modern humans were making finely crafted items as early as 75,000 years ago.

True

29

From an anthropologist's perspective, the ideas, forms, techniques, and strategies that humans employ to express themselves creatively is called:

art

30

Before Easter, the rara processions in Haiti go beyond music by expressing:

the complex power and bloody history of Haiti's poor and marginalized groups.