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Flashcards in Quiz Chapter 12 Deck (15)
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1

The set of theories that state less-developed, post-colonial countries will follow the same trajectory as industrialized countries are known as:

modernization theories

2

T/F
If two friends take turns buying each other coffee during class breaks, they are practicing balanced reciprocity.

True

3

A chief of a tribal group collects 30 percent of each family's crop for use in feasts, assisting the needy, gifts to travelers, and personal use. Which economic exchange systems matches this scenario?

redistribution

4

Today's least economically dominant nations and regions are best referred to as which of the following?

periphery

5

This form of exchange is most commonly used in the United States today.

market exchange

6

An Inuit group subsists by hunting seal, caribou, and birds, and by gathering local berries. They are using which subsistence strategy?

food foraging

7

T/F
Immanuel Wallerstein's modern world systems state that core countries dominate the world economy while semi-peripheral are the least developed and often exploited.

False

8


Before the domestication of plants and animals over 10,000 years ago, all humans practiced which subsistence strategy?

foraging

9

The _________ is the number of people who can be supported by the resources of the surrounding region.

carrying capacity

10

A new phone may have glass made in Kentucky, a processor made in France, a body made in Korea, assembly in China, warehousing in California, and a point of sale in your hometown. Which of the following terms best describes the hands involved in the process of acquiring the phone?

commodity chain

11

T/F
Horticulture is an intensive farming strategy for food production involving permanently cultivated land.

False

12

T/F
A parent providing food for their child without expecting repayment is an example of generalized reciprocity.

True

13

T/F
The Industrial Revolution mostly took place during the 16th Century.

False

14

You receive an email from someone claiming to be a Nigerian prince. In exchange for access to your bank account to facilitate a transaction, he promises you a financial reward that you never receive. This is an example of:

negative reciprocity

15

T/F
Neoliberalism is the conservative economic and political worldview that sees the free market as the main mechanism for ensuring economic growth, with a severely restricted role for government.

True