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Flashcards in Quiz Chapter 11 Deck (15)
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1

According to Marxist theory, the ___________ is the capitalist class that controls the means of production.

bourgeoisie

2

Bourdieu noticed that. in educational systems, "social and class relations of prestige or lack of prestige are passed from one generation to the next" (page 396). Which of the following terms best defines this phenomenon?

social reproduction

3

Social class is a societal system of power based most directly on:

wealth

4

T/F
The elaborate redistribution ceremony of the Kwakiutl of the Pacific Northwest is known as potlatch.

True

5

Bourdieu's term for the self-perceptions, sensibilities, and tastes developed in response to external influences that shape one's worldview.

habitus

6


A _________ society is one in which wealth is not stratified but prestige and status are.

ranked

7

_________ is the knowledge, habits, and tastes learned from parents and family that individuals can use to gain access to scarce and valuable resources in society.

cultural capital

8

T/F
Theories that link ongoing poverty to the personal failings of the individual, family, or community are referred to as culture of poverty.

True

9

T/F
According to the United Nations definition, 40 percent of the world's population lives in poverty.

True

10

According to Weber, class position determines access to societal resources that determine life chances. What affects class position?:

power, wealth, and prestige
(NOT family)

11

The Ju'Hoansi of Namibia and Botswana place great importance of the sharing of resources to ensure the security of the entire group. For example, one successfully hunted animal is expected to be divided among everyone in the community. This is an example of:

reciprocity

12

Hunter-gatherer societies typically survive by sharing resources in such a way as to preserve the relative absence of hierarchy and in-group violence. This is an example of a __________ society.

egalitarian

13

T/F
Socioeconomic status (class and income) in the United States in largely invisible in media and popular culture.

True

14

Leigh Mullings's Harlem Birth Right Project investigated how factors such as race, gender, and class affected lives in Harlem. Which term best describes the focus of the research?

intersectionality

15

T/F
Wage inequality has decreased steadily in the United States since the 1970s.

False