Quiz Chapter 10 and Volsche/Gray 2016 Flashcards Preview

ANTH 101 > Quiz Chapter 10 and Volsche/Gray 2016 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Quiz Chapter 10 and Volsche/Gray 2016 Deck (20)
Loading flashcards...
1

Which is the MOST appropriate term for when membership in a group or family is determined based upon relatedness "by blood?"

descent group

2

T/F
For historical and religious reasons, Jewish women in Israel feel great pressure to reproduce the family and the nation.

True

3

T/F
The most common form of marriage practiced in the United States today is affinal marriage.

False

4

T/F
(Volsche/Gray 2016) The authors found that respondents were raising and teaching their dogs with similar strategies as women raising children in the same environment.

True

5

The concept of creating a family of choice rather than a family of birth or upbringing is known as:

fictive kin

6

Traditionally, Nuer men could be married to more than one woman. This practice is known as

polygyny

7

What is NOT an example of an assisted reproductive technology?:

adoption

8

T/F
When the groom's family provides gifts of goods or money to the bride's family, they are offering a dowry.

False

9

In certain remote parts of Tibet, one woman will become married to all the brothers in a particular family. Which term best describes this practice?

Polyandry

10

T/F
Nation-states consolidate political force and community by relating membership in the nation with kinship terms.

True

11

T/F
In Southall, England, friends take to calling each other "cousin" to strengthen their social bonds.

True

12

______ refers to marriage to someone outside the kinship group, while ______ refers to marriage to someone inside the kinship group.

Exogamy; endogamy

13

Descent through the father's side of the family is known as

patrilineal

14

T/F
Monogamy refers to a form of marriage in which three or more individuals form a household.

False

15

What kind of household would be considered a nuclear family?

a mother, a father, and their five children, ages one to seventeen

16

Nearly all cultures have rules that forbid sexual relations with certain close relatives. These are known as:

incest taboos

17

In some cultures, such as the Mosuo of China, descent is constructed through the mother's side of the family. This is known as

matrilineal descent

18

(Volsche/Gray 2016) Most respondents to the survey identified as their dog's _________(39.5%) or __________(26.0%).

parent; guardian

19

Members of the Nuer tribe trace genealogical connections over time via claimed relatedness to a founding ancestor despite a lack of documentation. This is known as membership in:

a clan

20

Volsche and Gray consider the idea of fictive kinship through which rising practice?

parenting dogs