PUL- highlights- LF Flashcards Preview

SUM '20 - Health Assessment > PUL- highlights- LF > Flashcards

Flashcards in PUL- highlights- LF Deck (59)
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1

angle of louis

manubriosternal angel

2

mediastinum contains

esophagus, trachea, heart and great vessels. space between the lungs

3

apex of the lungs=

highest point of the lungs

4

how far do the lungs go above the clavicle

2-4cm above the inner third of the clavical

5

how high posteriorly do the lungs go.

posteriorly at around C7

6

what do we call the lower borders of the lungs

bases

7

anteriorly where do the lungs end

6th rib mid clavicular line

8

posteriorly where do the lungs end

T10

9

vertical axis

such as 2nd intercostal space
so this is the top to bottom axis

10

circumference of the chest

such as midclavicular midaxillary

11

pleural cavity

slight potential space filled with surfactant

12

pleural fluid

lubricates the pleural surfaces and allows for lung expansion

13

what is pleurisy

inflammation of the pleura- related to infectious process

14

what can pleurisy develop into

pleural effusion may develop- percussive dullness, decreased fremits, ego phony, and decreased breath sounds.

15

what will a chest X-ray show for pleuristy

WNL- infiltrate or pleural effusion.

16

acinus

bronchioles, alveolar ducts and sacs and alveoli responsble for respirations

17

Costodiaphragmatic recess

potential space in the pleural cavity below the level of the lungs- when filled can compromise lung expansion

18

postnatal exposure to tobacco increases their rate of

om, URI, asthma in children

19

after age 50 what happens to the lungs

respiratory muscle strength decline.
elastic properties within lungs become more rigid.

increased risk of postoperative atelectasis.

20

there are two membranes around the lungs=

visceral pleura
parietal pleura

21

this membrane covers the outer surface of each lung

visceral pleura

22

this membrane also covers the inner rib cage and upper surface of the diaphragm

parietal pleura

23

if it takes a lot of pressure to bag your patient- so it is difficult to open up their airways - what damage could you cause and how do you prevent it

you can cause a pneumo- slowly work at opening your patient up.

24

ask the patient about their cough- what type of questions

ask whether the cough is dry or produces sputum or phlegm - what color is it?

does it wake them up in the night.

do they take ace inhibitors

have you been diagnosed with GERD

25

dyspnea- an uncomfortable awareness of breathing - what do you need to do

ask if they have trouble breathing.
determine the severity of the dyspnea

26

do you feel pain from the lung tissue?

no it has no pain fibers

27

so when people complain of chest pain (from lungs) what is actually causing their pain

inflammation of the adjacent parietal pleura

other surrounding structures may also irritate the parietal pleura-causing pain

28

mallory weiss tear

hard to find unless they are actually bleeding- but causes hemotypsis

29

if the patient is obese- how do we know what is normal or not

look for symmetry

if they are asymmetric- something is wrong

30

normal AP:1=

should be 2:1