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Flashcards in Public Health Lecture Deck (26)
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1

Epidemiologists and other public health practitioners are concerned with the health of

populations

2

The study of disease in populations

Epidemiology

3

1. describe dz patterns in human populations
2. identify causes of diseases (etiology)
3. provide data for management, evaluation, and planning of services for prevention, control and treatment

3 goals of epidemiology

4

To detect outbreaks
To quantify magnitude of problem
To evaluate prevention measures
To detect changes in health care practice
To facilitate planning

Purposes of surveillance

5

Condition diagnosed or suspected

Unusual or sudden increase in disease

Point of contact name, address, and phone

What to report for surveillance

6

Vaccine preventable
STDs
Respiratory
Gastrointestinal
BT agents
Vector borne
Zoonotic

Notifiable conditions

7

If a condition is category 1, when do you need to notify?

immediately!!!

8

If a condition is category 2, when do you need to notify?

within 48 hours!

9

Infectious Diseases – Communicable
Infectious Diseases – Dangerous
Environmental Hazards
Bio-terrorism Agents
Public Health for Action

Notifiable diseases

10

Health Care Providers
Medical Laboratories
Veterinarians and Veterinary Medical Laboratories
Blood Banks
Healthcare Facilities
Daycare Facilities
Correctional Facilities
Educational Institutions
Health Officers

Places that are required to report

11

is caused by infection with a virus of the family Filoviridae, genus Ebolavirus

Ebola

(previously Ebola hemorrhagic fever)

12

This dz belongs to the family Filoviridae

Ebola

13

One of the numerous viral hemorrhagic fevers

Ebola virus disease

14

is often severe in humans, with case fatality rates reaching 50-90% in developing countries.
After an incubation period of a few days, symptoms usually begin abruptly.

Ebola virus disease

15

infected through blood or body fluids, such as, but not limited to, urine, saliva, feces, vomit, and semen
Objects, such as needles, that have been contaminated with infected body fluids

Ebola virus disease

16

A patient must have symptoms to spread the disease to others

Ebola

17

Bats can be a host for...

Ebola virus

18

Symptoms may appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days after exposure to Ebola virus, although 8-10 days is most common.

Ebola virus dz

19

Are ebola pts without symptoms contagious?

NO

20

Early symptoms (from 2-21 days) include: fever, headache, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach pain, muscle pain, unexplained bleeding or bruising

Ebola

21

Is there a specific cure for ebola virus infection? Are there specific medications that have been proven to be effective against ebola?

NO

22

How do you treat ebola?

Tx supportively

23

Providing intravenous fluids and balancing electrolytes (body salts)
Maintaining oxygen status and blood pressure
Treating other infections if they occur

Ebola tx

24

CDC recommends protection with gowns, gloves, boots, masks to prevent any contact with infectious materials with known or suspected.....

Ebola virus disease

25

Gown (fluid resistant or impermeable)
Eye protection (goggles or face shield)
Facemask
Double gloving
Disposable shoe covers
Leg coverings
Head covering

PPE for ebola

26

Which part of PPE should you remove first?

Most contaminated