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Flashcards in PTSD Deck (33)
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1

_______ of fear is one of the main symptoms of PTSD

Overgeneralization

2

What is trauma?

The personal experience of a severely distressing or disturbing event

3

When symptoms from trauma, such as intrusive thoughts and difficulty going about daily activities, persist longer than _______ it is considered PTSD

One Month

4

What is PTSD?

A psychiatric disorder where learned fear, due to a traumatic event, becomes generalized to situations that normally would be considered safe

5

PTSD results in autonomic __________ in inappropriate situations

Hyperarousal

6

What is the lifetime prevalence of PTSD in Canada?

9.2%

7

What conditions are highly comorbid with PTSD?

Anxiety Disorders
Depression
Substance Use Disorders

8

What are the three main signs of PTSD?

Recurring and frightening memories
Avoidance of potential triggers
A heightened state of arousal

9

DSM-5 Criteria A: The person was exposed to a ________ ________

Traumatic Event

10

DSM-5 Criteria B: ______ ______ of the traumatic event

Persistent Re-Experiencing

11

DSM-5 Criteria C: ______ _______ of trauma related thoughts or feelings and reminders

Continual Avoidance

12

DSM-5 Criteria D: ______ mood and _______ cognition

Negative
Disrupted

13

DSM-5 Criteria E: ______ and ______ that appeared after or were exacerbated by the trauma

Arousal
Reactivity

14

DSM-5 Criteria F: Symptoms persist for more than ________

One Month

15

DSM-5 Criteria G: Symptoms cause ______ and _____ impairment or distress

Social
Occupational

16

DSM-5 Criteria H: Not due to ______, substance use, or ________

Medication
Illness

17

What are some way a person could be exposed to a traumatic event?

Directly involved
Witness
Close friend/relative
Exposure to details

18

What are some ways someone could re-experience a traumatic event?

Thoughts and memories
Nightmares
Flashbacks
Emotional distress
Physical reactivity to reminders

19

Does everyone who experiences a traumatic event develop PTSD?

No.

20

Which sex is affected twice as often?

Women

21

Is there a genetic component to PTSD?

Yes - monozygotic twins show a higher concordance rate than dizygotic twins

22

PTSD patients show increased responsiveness to trauma and emotional stimuli in the ______ and ________

Hippocampus
Amygdala

23

PTSD patients show decreased volume and responsiveness to fearful and emotional stimuli in the _________

PFC

24

What is Long Term Potentiation (LTP)?

Process by which synapses are strengthened in two or more neurons that fire simultaneously, making them more likely to fire together in the future

25

*LTP: Neurons that _____ together _____ together*

Wire
Fire

26

In traumatic situations you want to act fast so the brain bypasses the _____ lobe and responds via the ______ and _____

Frontal
Amygdala
Thalamus

27

LTP plays an important role in pairing _________ memory and ________ memory

Emotional - Amygdala
Declarative - Hippocampus

28

What is hypervigilance

An enhances state of sensitivity to your surroundings

29

PTSD represents an inability to extinguish _________ fear responses leaving the individual unable to distinguish between _____ and safety

Conditioned
Danger

30

What is Pattern Separation and where does it occur?

The recording of events such that we can distinguish separate, yet similar, events.

Dentate Gyrus