Psychology 100 Chapter 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Psychology 100 Chapter 5 Deck (228)
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1

Define consciousness

A person's subjective experience of the world and the mind

2

Define phenomenology

How things seem to the conscious person

3

Define problem of other minds

The fundamental difficulty we have in perceiving the consciousness of others

4

What are the great mysteries of consciousness? 3 things

Phenomenology
The problem of other minds
The mind-body problem

5

Define mind-body problem

The issue of how the mind is related to the brain and body

6

What does it mean by "zombie" in psychology?

A hypothetical nonconscious person

7

What prevents us from knowing that another person is not a zombie? 1 thing

The problem of other minds

8

How do people perceive other minds? 2 things

Through the capacity for experience and the capacity for agency

9

What are 6 abilities of the capacity for experience?

Pain, pleasure, hunger, consciousness, anger or fear

10

What are 4 abilities of the capacity for agency?

Self-control, planning, memory and thought

11

When the participants of a certain survey judged the mental capacities of 13 targets, what were the two dimensions of mind perception that were discovered?

Capacity for experience and capacity for agency

12

A dead person is likely to have
A) High experience and low agency
B) Low experience and high agency
C) High experience and high agency
D) Low experience and low agency

D) Low experience and low agency

13

Fun fact: René Descartes was famous for suggesting that the mind is a separate entity than the brain and body

wow

14

On which area of the brain did Descartes say the mind has its effects on?

Through the pineal gland

15

Every thought, perception or feeling is associated with .....

Every thought, perception or feeling is associated with a particular pattern of activation of neurons in the brain.

16

What comes first: brain activity or thinking?

Brain activity

17

What did Libet reveal in his experiments with participants moving thier fingers while watching a dot move around? 1 thing

Brain activity occured before the person's conscious decision to move

18

Who found out that brain activity came first before voluntary movement?

Libet

19

What does EEG sensors do? 1 thing

Time brain activation and muscle movement

20

What are four basic properties of consciousness?

Intentionality
Unity
Selectivity
Transience

21

Define intentionality

The quality of being directed toward an object

22

Is conscious attention unlimited or limited?

It is limited

23

Define unity

The resistance to division or the ability to integrate information from all of the body's senses into one coherent whole

24

Define selectivity

The capacity to include some objects but not others

25

Define dichotic listening

A task in which people wearing headphones hear different messages in each ear

26

Dichotic listening is related to which basic properties of consciousness?

selectivity

27

Which basic properties of consciousness "filters out" and "tune in" some information?

Selectivity

28

Define cocktail-party phenomenon

A phenomenon in which people tune in one message even while they filter out others nearby

29

How does your mind know which information to allow into consciousness, and which to filter out?

Through cocktail-party phenomenon

30

Define transience

The tendency to change