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Flashcards in Psychiatry Deck (172)
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61

Where in the hypothalamus is orexin produced?

lateral

62

What type of sleep do narcoleptics start in?

REM

63

What drug do narcoleptics use at night?

sodium oxybate

64

What is the specific lab indicator of alcohol use?

GGT

65

Do amphetamines dilate or constrict the pupil?

dilate

66

What are the two drugs used for quitting smoking?

bupropion

varenicline

67

What two drugs are used to treat PCP overdose?

benzo

anti-psychotics

68

What is the prescriptio cannabinoid?

dronabinol

69

Is methadone short acting or long acting?

long

70

What are the two uses of methadone?

detox

long-term maintenance

71

What is the MOA of buprenorphine?

partial agonist

72

What is the MOA of naltrexone?

long-acting opioid antagonist

73

When is naltrexone used?

once detoxed

74

Is buprenorphine long or short acting?

long

75

What two drugs are contained within suboxnone?

naltrexone

buprenorphine

76

What are the two drugs used to treat alcohol dependence?

disulfarim

naltrexone

77

How many hours does it take for DTs to manifest after the last drink?

48 hours

78

Is bupropion used to treat depression or anxiety?

depression

79

Depression with what other symptom is a good use of mirtazapine?

depression and insomnia

80

What two drugs are used for panic disorder to bridge the gap to the use of SSRIs?

venlafaxine and benzos

81

Which two anti-psychotics are used for Tourettes?

haloperidol and risperidone

82

What drug can be used to treat the excessive sympathetic activity during alchohol withdrawl?

clonidine

83

What is the time frame for dystonia regarding neuroleptic use?

4 hours

84

What two body regions are affected by acute dystonia?

head and neck

85

What is the time frame for akathisia regarding neuroleptic use?

four days

86

What is akathisia?

physical restlessness

87

What two drugs are used to treat tachycardia and HTN during neuroleptic malignant syndrome?

dantrolene and bromocriptine

88

Do antipsychotics increase or decrease cAMP within cells?

increase

89

What are the high potentcy neuroleptics?

Trifluoperazine

Fluophenazine

Haloperidol

90

What are the low potentcy neuroleptics?

Chlorpromazine

Thioridazine