Psych/Soc Class 7 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Psych/Soc Class 7 Deck (70)
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61

Emotional Intelligence

ability to monitor & discriminate emotions in order to guide thinking and action

62

Theories of intelligence

1. General intelligence "g"
2. Social intelligence
3. Emotional intelligence

63

Types of intelligence

1. Fluid intelligence - reason abstractly, increased processing speed
2. Crystallized intelligence - accumulated knowledge and verbal skills

64

Two mindsets regarding intelligence

1. Fixed - belief that intelligence & abilities are static
2. Growth - belief that intelligence & abilities can be developed through effort

65

Language development stages

4-6 months: babies use sounds
6-9 months: babbling becomes more focused
10-12 months: first words develop
18-24 months: toddlers begin using 2 word phrases
2-3 yrs: 3 word phrases in correct order with inflection
4-5 yrs: speaking with accurate syntax
5-7 yrs: begin using & understanding more complex language
9+ yrs: children understand almost all forms of language

66

Theories of language development

BF Skinner's behaviourist theory
- language development comes from classical & more imp. operant conditioning

Noam Chomsky's nativist theory
- infants are born with innate ability to use language
- human brains evolve language acquisition device that is capable of understanding universal grammar common to all human languages
- all humans will learn language when exposed during critical period which ends before puberty

Lev Vygotsky's Interactionist theory
- inbetween (some biological and some social interactions)

67

Sapir- Whorf Hypothesis

- Also known as Linguistic relativity hypothesis
- different structures & vocab of different languages strongly effect thinking of those who use these languages
- esp diff names for colours affects categorical perception

68

Linguistic Determinism

More intense form of s-w hypothesis
- language determines thought & emotions/feelings & linguistic categories limit and determine cognitive categories

69

Perceptual Set

Mental tendencies & assumptions that affect what one perceives

70

pons

Controls primitive functions like swallowing, respiration