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Flashcards in Psych/Soc Class 5 Deck (64)
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1

Mental disorder

AKA Psychological disorder

A set of behaviour or psychological symptoms that are not in keeping with social norms & are severe enough to cause significant personal district or impairment to social, occupational or personal functioning

2

Biomedical vs Biopsychosocial

Biomedical
- treat with medication, the cause is organic pathology, disabilities, genetics

Biopsychosocial
- treatment would be hollistic, possibly include medication and/or therapy, cause is genetics, SES, economic factors, etc

3

Level 1 Disorders

Anxiety Disorders
Depressive disorders
Bipolar & related disorders
Schizophrenia spectrum & other psychotic disorders
Trauma and stress related disorders
Personality disorders
OCD
Somatic Symptom disorders
Dissociative disorders

4

Anxiety Disorder Symptoms

- Excessive fear and/or anxiety
- Avoidance behaviours
- Sympathetic activation in the absence of threat

5

Specific anxiety disorders

Phobias
General anxiety disorder
Panic disorder
Social anxiety disorder

6

Phobias

A very specific fear

7

Generalized anxiety disorder

excessive anxiety without a specific cause

8

Social anxiety disorder

fear/anxiety around social situations or interaction w/ specific people

9

Panic disorder

Involves constant anxiety about reoccurring panic attack

10

Depressive Disorders

Sad, empty and/irritable mood
Not related to normal grief

11

Depressive Disorder symptoms

Must have at least 5 symptoms for 2 weeks or more:
- insomnia or hypersomnia
- weight gain or weight loss
- restlessness or feeling slowed down
- reoccurring thoughts of death or suicide
- loss of interest of all activities
- fatigues/loss of energy
- depressed or irritable mood
- Impaired concentration, indecisiveness
- feelings of worthlessness or guilt

12

Anhedonia

Loss of interest of almost all activities

13

Monoamine hypothesis

Predicts that underlying basis of depression is depletion of levels of serotonin, norepinephrine and/or dopamine in CNS

14

Bipolar Disorders

Bridge bw Psychotic and Depressive disorders
- involves cycles or oscillations or breaks between manic and depressive phases

15

Specific Bipolar Disorder diagnoses

Bipolar I Disorder - spend more time in manic phase > depressive phase
Bipolar II Disorder - spend more time in depressive phase > manic phase
Cyclothymic Disorder - average of B I & II disorder

16

Bipolar Disorder Symptoms

Manic Phase
- high energy
- high self esteem
- irritable
- quick talking
- impulsive
- racing thoughts

Depressive Phase
- low energy
- low self esteem
- lack of concentration
- lack of interest
- helplessness
- suicidal thoughts

17

Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders

- Delusions & hallucinations
- maybe "negative" symptoms
- involve general detachment from reality
- disorganized speech & thoughts

18

Specific Schizophrenia Disorder diagnoses

Delusional Disorder
Brief Psychotic Disorder
Schizophreniform Disorder (brief - avg)
Schizophrenia (life long) - affects 1%, characterized by +/- symptoms
Schizoaffective Disorder (combo of bipolar & schiz)

19

Positive Symptoms

Psychotic behaviours not seen in healthy people
- hallucinations, delusions (false beliefs), disorganized speech & thought

20

Negative Symptoms

Disruptions of normal emotions & behaviours, absence of normal patterns
- avolition (lack of motivation), reduced speech and/or interactions, flattened effect

21

Cognitive Symptoms

Thought patterns make it hard to lead normal life & cause emotional distress
- poor executive functioning, trouble focusing or paying attention, problem with working memory

22

Specific Diagnoses of Trauma & Stressor Related Disorders

Adjustment disorder
Post traumatic stress disorder
Acute Stress Disorder

23

Personality Disorders

Enduring (often lifetime) patterns of inflexible behaviours across a range of settings & relationships
- diagnosis begins in adolescence or early adulthood
- high comorbidity

24

Cluster A Personality Disorder

"Odd/eccentric"
Paranoid PD - manifests the paranoid tendencies
Schizoid PD - manifests the social withdrawal & flattened effect
Schizotypal PD - manifests milder hallucinations & delusions

25

Cluster B Personality Disorder

"Dramatic/erratic"
Antisocial PD - sociopathy, with no regard for right or wrong or others' rights
Borderline PD - severe abandonment anxiety & emotional turbulence
Histrionic PD - overdramatic attention seeking & emotional overreaction
Narcissistic PD - inflated sense of self & lack of empathy

26

Cluster C Personality Disorder

"Fear/anxiety"
Avoidant PD - presents as very extreme shyness & feat of rejection
Dependent PD - presents as over-dependance on others to meet needs
Obsessive-compulsive PD - presents as milder form of OCD

27

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

- obsessions (thoughts or urges) and/or compulsions (repetitive behaviours)

28

Specific Diagnoses of OCD

- OCD
- Body Dysmorphic Disorder
- Hoarding Disorder
- Trichotillomania

29

Somatic Symptom Disorders

Excessive and/or medically unexplainable symptoms

30

Specific Diagnoses Somatic Symptom Disorder

- Somatic Symptom Disorder (vagueness of symptoms)
- Illness Anxiety Disorder (reoccurring specific fear of getting a specific disease
- Conversion Disorder
- Factitious Disorder (falsification)