PSYC 317 Exam 3 Flashcards Preview

Cognitive PSYC Vocab > PSYC 317 Exam 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in PSYC 317 Exam 3 Deck (64)
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1

ambiguous sentence

A sentence that has more than one meaning

2

Brocas aphasia

A language disorder attributed to damage in the frontal lobe of the brain

3

deep structure

The underlying meaning of a sentence

4

error recovery heuristic

A strategy for correcting comprehension errors eventrelated potential ERP

5

exchange error

An error in which two linguistic units are substituted for each other during sentence production

6

generative

The capability to produce many different messages by combining symbols in different ways

7

grammar

A set of rules for producing correct sentences in a language

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highconstraint sentence

A sentence that produces a high expectation for a particular word

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language

A collection of symbols and rules for combining symbols, which can express an infinite variety of messages

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lexical decision task

A task that requires people to decide whether a string of letters is a word

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lowconstraint sentence

A sentence that produces an expectation for a broader range of words

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morpheme

The smallest unit of meaning in a language

13

morpheme exchange

An error in which two morphemes are substituted for each other during sentence production

14

phoneme exchange

An error in which two phonemes are substituted for each other during sentence production

15

phrase structure grammar

A set of rules for partitioning a sentence into its grammatical units

16

slip of the tongue

A speech error

17

structured

The organization imposed on a language by its grammatical rules

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suppress

Eliminating inappropriate meanings in a sentence

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surface structure

The structure of a spoken sentence

20

symbolic

The use of symbols, such as spoken or written words, to represent ideas

21

transformational grammar

A set of rules for transforming a sentence into a closely related sentence

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Wernickes aphasia

A language disorder attributed to damage in the temporal lobe of the brain

23

word exchange

An error in which two words are substituted for each other during sentence production

24

working memory capacity

The amount of information that can be kept active in working memory

25

causal relation

An event that results in the occurrence of another event

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global coherence

Integration of major ideas that occur throughout a text

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inference

The use of reasoning to establish relations in a text when the relations are not directly stated

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local coherence

Integration of ideas within an immediate context in a text

29

mental model

A person s mental representation of a situation

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obstacle

An event that delays or prevents the attainment of a goal