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A&P I - Test 2 > Protein Synthesis > Flashcards

Flashcards in Protein Synthesis Deck (8)
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1

Where does transcription occur?

The nucleus of the cells

2

What are the types of RNA?

mRNA, tRNA, rRNA

3

What is transcription?

The process of copying DNA information into an RNA sequence

4

What is the role of rRNA?

It makes up the protein synthesizing machinery. aka the ribosome

5

Where does translation occur?

Occurs at ribosomes that are either free in the cytoplasm or are attached to ER

6

What is the role of mRNA?

It takes a “copy” of DNA for the amino acid sequence of the protein, and carries it from the nucleus to the ribosome

7

What is the role of tRNA?

Delivers the required amino acid to the ribosome to allow for protein synthesis

8

What is translation?

The process by which the mRNA is "translated" into a protein