Where does transcription occur?
The nucleus of the cells
What are the types of RNA?
mRNA, tRNA, rRNA
What is transcription?
The process of copying DNA information into an RNA sequence
What is the role of rRNA?
It makes up the protein synthesizing machinery. aka the ribosome
Where does translation occur?
Occurs at ribosomes that are either free in the cytoplasm or are attached to ER
What is the role of mRNA?
It takes a “copy” of DNA for the amino acid sequence of the protein, and carries it from the nucleus to the ribosome
What is the role of tRNA?
Delivers the required amino acid to the ribosome to allow for protein synthesis
What is translation?
The process by which the mRNA is "translated" into a protein