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Flashcards in Protecting and Enforcing HR Deck (101)
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1

What is a State

a nation or country

2

What are the five factors required to be internationally recognised state under the Montevideo convention 1993

  1. Permanent population
  2. Defined territory
  3. Government
  4. Capacity to enter into international relations
  5. Recognised by a number of other states

3

What is the disadvantage in not being a state

cannot access Intl Human rights framework

4

How many UN members are there

193

5

Define state sovereignty

The ability for countries to make their own laws and be free from external influence

6

How does Intl law affect state sovereignty

Intl law limits it, as states have certain duties to the intl community

7

How can state sovereignty affect the protection of HR

some countries may rely on state sovereignty to justify the mistreatment of its citizens. state sovereignty protects them from prosecution

8

How do nation states create concrete legal obligations between one another

Through signing numerous consensual, intl agreements (treaties)

9

What are the 5 principle organs of the UN

>UN General Assembly>UN Security Council>Economic and Social Council>UN Secretariat>International Court of Justice

10

Main function of UN General Assembly

Main forum for Intl discussion, deliberation and recommendations especially relating to HR

11

What principal organ of the UN oversees UN Human Rights Coun

UN General Assembly

12

Main function of UN Security Council

Preserve Intl peace and security

13

Who sit on security council

5 perms and 10 non perms

14

Main function of Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC)

Meet annually to assist in promoting Intl economic and social cooperation/development

15

How many member sit on ECOSOC

54 rotating member

16

Main function of UN Secretariat

Main administrative body of the UN

17

Which principal body of the UN does the Office of the UN Hig

UN Secretariat

18

Main Function of ICJ

Primary Judicial organ of UN

19

What is the ICJs Jurisdiction

Intl disputes between member statesadvisory opinions on Intl law matters

20

What is the aim of the UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC)

To address human rights violations worldwide and make recommendations

21

How many member are on UNHRC(ouncil)

47 members rotated on 3 year terms

22

When was UNHRC(ouncil) established

2006

23

How does UNHRC(ouncil) monitor Human Rights worldwide

periodic reviews on all 193 member states every 4 years

24

How does UNHRC deal with Human rights complaints

Complaints procedure

25

What part of UN did UNHRC(ouncil) replace

UN Human Rights Commission

26

Example of appeal to UN Human Rights Committee

Toonen v Australia 1994

27

What law did Australia introduce to repeal Tasmanias law

Human Rights (sexual conduct Act) 1994

28

What document did Tasmanias laws breach

UDHR and ICCPR

29

Example how UN promotes HR

Millennium Development Goals and Sustainable Development Goals

30

What is the Responsibility to Protect

The doctrine gives the UN the power to intervene if there are extreme Human Rights abuses occurring (e.g. genocide)