Problem 6 - personality and life outcome Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Problem 6 - personality and life outcome Deck (24)
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1

Mean-level change

-increase/decrease in traits at the population level
-

2

findings mean level change

-most change between ages of 20-40
-change in positive direction
-> more confident, warm, responsible, socially mature

3

Are spouses similar in personality?

-only slightly similar
-r= 0.00-0.25
-> refers to personality trait not mental ability, religion etc

4

Marital satisfaction

-agreeable, stable person
-> more satisfied
-> develop better marriages
-big 5 Openness -> correlated positively to satisfaction
-neither similarity nor dissimilarity between spouses was associated with higher satisfaction

5

anxious attachment

-worry about loss of partners love

6

avoidant attachment

-uncomfortable being emotionally close to ones partner

7

Attachment styles and Personality

-anxious -> low emotional stability , low conscientiousness
-avoidant -> weakly related to low extraversion and low conscientiousness

8

Parenting style

-higher openness to experience and extraversion
-> more nurturing, less restrictive

9

Are friends similar in personality?

-Honesty-Humility and Openness to experience
-> friends on average somewhat similar
-friends perceive more similarity on these traits as there actually is

-friends often share same values
-honesty-humility and openness -> related to peoples values

10

Personality and peer relationships

-sociability -> associated with being liked
-aggression -> being disliked
-extraversion-> positively related to social status
-only among men: emotional stability, physical attractiveness -> related to social status

11

substance use

-low Conscientiousness, low Emotional Stability -> substance use disorder
-high levels of self control -> contribute to quit smoking

12

Longevity

-childhood personality was related to Longevity
-conscientiousness, social dependability -> longer life span
-> maybe due to lower likelihood smoking

-cheerfulness, optimism -> shorter longevity

13

Heart disease

Type A : competitiveness, impatience, excessive job involvement, hostility, time urgency
-> increased probability of heart disease
-high hostility+dominance -> greater physiological reactions to stress -> increased risk of heart disease

14

academic performance

-conscientiousness -> strongest predictor

15

criminality

-low self control , acting impulsively
-criminals are NOT more motivated -> worse at inhibiting impulses
-willingness to take risks -> influence on criminal behavior

16

Dark Triad

Psychopathy, Machiavellianism, Narcissim
-> all strongly negatively correlated with Honest-Humility

17

Psychopathy

-low conscientiousness
-low emotionality

18

Machiavellianism

-cynic tendency to pursue one's interests by manipulating others
-low Agreeableness

19

Narcissim

-high Extraversion

20

primary psychopathy

= calculating and rational, manipulation, deceit, grandiosity, callousness, selfishness

-> self control enough not to do crime

-low honesty humility

21

secondary psychopathy

Secondary psychopath = poor self-control, impulsivity, irresponsibility, lack of planning

-low honesty - humility

22

life satisfaction

-heritability is almost 0.40
-depressiveness negative correlated

23

socialization effect

-life events predict personality

24

selection effect

-personality effects life events