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Flashcards in Problem 2 - the highest virtue Deck (27)
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1

Density distribution approach

-determining how differently the typical person acts on different approaches

2

evidence for situation position

-people act very differently on different occasions

3

mental abilities

-capacity to solve problems that demand thinking-related skills

4

Cattell, Galton

-believed that individual differences in intellectual abilities could be understood as result of differences in physical/sensory abilities

5

Binet und simon

-first researchers to develop tasks assessing mental abilities

6

stern ?

-introduced the concept of IQ

IQ= mental age / chronological age x 100

7

spearman and the g factor

..

8

low g loading tasks

-automatic
-simpel mental processes

9

Thurstone - 7 primary factors

1) verbal fluency
2) verbal comprehension
3)) numerical facility
4) spatial visualization
5) memory
6) perceptual speed
7) reasoning

10

G plus group factors

- g factor exists
-also 7 factors

11

j. paul guilford - structure of intellect model

-150 different abilities
-3 dimensions:
operation -> mental processing types (evaluation, memory, cognition)
content (visual material, auditory material etc )
products ( how info is stored and processed)
-no impirical support

12

cattell (other cattell) - 2 factor theory / heirarchial model

-crystalized
-fluid

13

biological basis of mental ability

-brain size
-nerve conduction velocity
-reaction time
-inspection time
-brain waves: averaged evoked potentials (EEG)
-brain glucose metabolism ( higher mental ability -> less glucose consumption)

14

genetic influences

-womb environment, nutrition
-birth order ( first-borns -> slightly higher IQs)

15

evolution and mental ability

-mutations

16

Gardener's Theory of multiple intelligence

...

17

Sternberg's Triarchic Theory of intelligence

3 fundamental aspects of mental ability
1) analytic intelligence
2) creative intelligence
3) practical intelligence

18

Emotional intelligence

-ability to perceive and understand one’s emotions and those of others (Mayer), ability to regulate one’s emotions, including characteristics such as self-control, self-confidence, trustworthiness, empathy, ... (Goleman)

19

ability models

-emotional intelligence as ability

20

mixed models

-

21

the four branch (ability) model of EI

-ability model
-Mayer and Salovey
1) perceiving emotions
2) using emotions
3) understanding emotions
4) managing emotions

22

MSCEIT test

-measuring emotional intelligence
-

23

Flynn effect

-

24

3 possible Explanations for Flynn effect

- by Flynn

1) gains are not real, but because of artifical sampling error
2) test sophistication
3) real intelligence increase

25

3 possible Explanations for Flynn effect

- by Flynn

1) gains are not real, but because of aritifical sampling error
2) test sophistication
3) real intelligence increase

26

Biological factors

-hybrid vigor

27

hybrid factors

...