Principles of Range of Motion (9/3d) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Principles of Range of Motion (9/3d) Deck (15)
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1

Passive Range of Motion (PROM)

The pt is not actively doing the motion, an external force is causing it

Hard to truly accomplish if pt is awake

2

Active Range of Motion (AROM)

The pt is actively causing the motion

3

Active Assisted Range of Motion (AAROM)

The pt is actively causing motion, but PT is also assisting

4

Flexibility

the ability of the muscle to elongate/stretch

5

What range of motion testings are usually part of examination/intervention?

PROM and AROM

6

What the difference between AROM and PROM indicates

difference between what they can actively do vs what they are capable of

7

PROM indicates...

indicates tissue length

If limited, can indicate issues with length or structure (muscle, tendon, nerve, etc)

8

If PROM is less than AROM

Patient is likely not relaxed

9

If PROM is greater than AROM

Indicates force production issue, lag will be noticed

10

Joint position

The degrees indicating what position from neutral the joint is in

EX: knee flexion 20 degrees

11

Joint excursion

Degrees indicating the range of movement in the joint

EX: knee bends from 20-90 degrees → 70 deg

12

Why use AROM

if you want to improve muscle performance and ability to move on its own

13

Why use AAROM

if pt has precaution that makes full muscle activation unsafe

14

Why use PROM

if pt is unable to do active motion (EX: neuro deficit)

manual therapy

reduces fatigue

helps stretch

15

Why use stretching

to improve flexibility through passive motion