Flashcards in Principles Of Government Deck (19)
What is Government?
-The institution through which society makes and enforces its public policies
-Composed of the people who exercise its powers, all those who have authority and control over people
What is Civics?
-Is the study of citizenship and government
-Civics educates citizens about their obligations and obligations within a government
What are the four ways governments acquire power?
-Divine Right Theory
-Social Contract Theory
-One person/small group claimed control over an area of land
-Person/group formed all within the area to submit to their rule
-The state developed naturally
-Primitive families developed into tribes with a supreme leader
-When agriculture began the state was born
Divine Right Theory?
-God created the territory
-God gave those of royal birth the "divine" right to rule over the territory
-People were bound to obey their ruler as they would God
Social Contract Theory?
-The state is that of a "social contract"
-People voluntarily agreed with one another to create a government
-The state serves the will of the people
-If the government abuses its power the people can abolish the government
What are the three basic kinds of government power?
Legislative, Executive, and Judicial
-power to make laws
-shape public policy
-power to execute and enforce the laws
-power to administer the laws
-power to interpret the laws
-power to settle disputes regarding the laws
What are the four purposes of the government?
-provide public services
-guide the community
-pass and enforce laws
-establish and maintain a court system
-prevent and fight crime
-protect citizens from foreign attacks
Provide public services?
-Libraries, schools, hospitals, etc...
-Public safety: fire department, ambulance services, police department
Guide the community?
-manage the economy
-conduct foreign relations
-Body of fundamental laws setting out the principles, structures, and processes of a government
-outlines the powers of a government
-written plan of government
-WHAT GOV'T CAN/CANT do
What year was the constitution created?
Sept 17, 1787