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Flashcards in Prepositions Deck (25)
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1

av

Adverb

off (not operating)

  • å slå av to turn off

off (so as to be removed or separated)

  • å bite av to bite off

(colloquial) onwards

  • fra barndom av from childhood on

of

  • bli av med get rid of

now

  • av og til now and then

Preposition

from

by (in construction of the passive tense)

  • Huset ble malt av ham. The house was painted by him.

of

for

in, out of

on

  • Avhengig av.Dependent on.

2

blant

Preposition

among, amongst

3

bortenfor

Preposition

bortenfor beyond, past

4

etter

Preposition

after

5

for

Preposition for

Adverb too

  1. for ung ― too young
  2. for langt ― too far

Synonym altfor

Conjunction for

Synonym fordi

Noun

for n 

  • definite singular foret
  • indefinite plural for
  • definite plural fora or forene

Verb past tense of fare.

6

foran

Preposition

foran in front of

7

forbi

Preposition

past

  • Et tog gikk forbi vinduet. ― A train went past the window.

8

fra

Preposition

from

9

gjennom

Preposition

through (from one side of an opening to the other)

  • Ser du hunden gjennom vinduet? Do you see the dog through the window?

through, during (from start to finish)

with help from, via

  • De kjøpte billettene gjennom reisebyrået. They bought tickets via the travel agency

10

i

Preposition

(location) in, inside of

  • Ligge i sengen Laying in bed 
  • Oppe i fjellene Up in the mountains

(duration of time) for, in, during

  • Møtet varte (i) to timer The meeting lasted (lit. went during) two hours
  • Han var utenlands i mange år He lived abroad for many years
  • I høst, i vår, i dag, i går In autumn, in spring, today, yesterday

(condition, state) in

  • Være i fred To be in peace
  • Være i god stand To be in shape (physically fit)
  • Leve i fattigdom To live in poverty

(means, method) in

  • Betale i gull To pay in gold.
  • Gjøre noe i all hast To do something urgently (lit. in all haste)
  • i hemmelighet in secret

pertaining to, in reference to

  • I deg har jeg en sann venn. In you I have a true friend.

11

innenfor

Preposition

inside, within

12

med

Preposition

with

by

  • med båt / tog - by boat / train

of

  • fat med olje - barrel of oil

13

mellom

Preposition

between

14

mot

Preposition

mot

to, towards

  • Kjør mot byen. ― Drive towards town.

against, from

  • En paraply skjermer deg mot regnet! ― An umbrella protects you from the rain!

against, versus

  • Det var et kappløp mot tiden. ― It was a race against time.

15

nedenfor

Preposition

below, underneath

16

omkring

Adverb or Preposition

around, about

17

over

Preposition

  • above
  • past
  • over; more than

18

overfor

Preposition

opposite, vis-à-vis

towards

  • Krokodiller er mer aggressive overfor mennesker enn alligatorer. Crocodiles are more aggressive towards people than alligators.

across from 

19

Preposition

on

  • Boken er på bordet ― The book is on the table

on, against, touching; hanging from or being attached to (a vertical surface)

  • Eplet henger på den grenen. ― The apple hanging on that branch.
  • Skiltet på veggen. ― The sign on the wall.

on (a certain day)

  • På julaften. ― On Christmas eve.

at (some abstract concepts)

  • Jeg er på jobb. ― I am at work.

at (concerning time)

  • På den tiden... ― At that time...

in (a language or dialect)

  • Si det på norsk. ― Say it in Norwegian.

20

til

Preposition

to, until, of

fra ... til ... - from ... to ...

21

unna

Preposition

away from

22

unntatt

Preposition

except, not including, leaving out

23

uten at

without

24

utenfor

Preposition

  • outside
  • off (at sea, off a certain point on the coast)

25

ved

Preposition

ved 

  • at, by, near, on (near or next to)

Huset ligger ved veien. The house is situated by the road.

  • by (Involving/using the means of). Followed by a noun or by the infinitive with å

Jeg krysset elven ved å svømme. I crossed the river by swimming.