Flashcards in Pre-Planning and Enforcement Deck (14)
What are three critical tasks in community fire safety?
ID and correct safety hazards through safety checks or code enforcement
Develop and maintain pre-plans
Promote fire safety through Pub Ed
What are 6 considerations for pre-planning as per NFPA 1620?
Physical elements and site considerations
Water supply and Fire protection systems
What is a plot plan?
Representation of a structure exterior, identifying site access, doors, utilities, and special considerations/hazards
What are included under special considerations?
Hazard areas and environments for emerg services (confined spaces, inert atmospheres, etc)
What is Catastrophic Theory of Reform?
Fire code requirements that are adopted or amended as a result of a fire disaster
What are the three classes/sizes of standpipe CABINETS?
Class 1: 2.5 inch male coupling
Class 2: 1.5 inch coupling with pre-connected hose
Class 3: Both 1.5 and 2.5 inch hose connections
What are the considerations of Type 1, Fire resistive?
Protects from fire by encasement
Extensive fire operations may be carried out before collapse
Often uses compartmentation instead of sprinklers, resulting in unsurvivable temperatures
Metal structural elements may fail due to age and rust
Type 2, Non-combustible considerations?
Built from non-combustible materials, but have limited to no fire resistance.
Type 2A is expected to resist 1 hour
Type 2B has no resistance
Often updated with Type 5, Wood frame, structural elements
Strip malls are commonly Type 2
Type 3, Ordinary considerations?
Combustible or combination of combustible/non-combustible structural elements
Exterior Load bearing walls are masonry
Type 3A is fire resistive for 1-2 hours
Type 3B is not fire resistive
Generally no higher than 4 stories
Type 4, Heavy Timber considerations?
Exterior walls are non-combustible
As durable as Type 1
A well seated fire in a non-sprinklered Type 4 may exceed municipal water capabilities
Type 5, Wood frame considerations?
Structural wood elements
May contain masonry veneer, but non-structural
Most common structures
Flashover will occur much faster than other structures
What are the three types of evidence?
Demonstrative (physical items that can be identified)
Documentary (Reports, photos, etc)
Testimonial (testifying in court)
What are artifacts, with relation to fire investigation?
Items someway related to ignition, development and spread. Can also be something containing burn patterns