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Flashcards in Practice Test 2 Deck (42)
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1

3 systems reporting information to the brain to help with balance

Vision
Vestibular (ear crystals)
Proprioception

2

the main flexor muscle of the elbow

Brachioradialis

3

the scapular retractors

Rhomboids Major and Minor

4

Heather’s 3 keys to shoulder health

1.Good Alignment/Posture
2.Strong Scapular Stabilizers
3.Strong Rotator Cuff

5

Clavicle

connects the upper limb to the trunk. from which the scapula and
free limb are SUSPENDED

6

the motion of the deltoid and a pose that uses all parts of the deltoid

Action: Anterior part- Flexes and internally rotates arm
Middle part- Abducts arm
Posterior part- Extends and Externally rotates arm
When all work together the arm abducts and the anterior posterior parts steady the arm. (Except the first 15 degrees, supraspinatus).
Warrior 2

7

supraspinatus

the first 15 degrees of arm abduction

8

Rotator Cuff

Protects and Stabilizes the Joint
The tonic contraction holding the large head of the humerus in the small shallow
glenoid cavity during arm movements
Supraspinatus
Infraspinatus
Teres Minor
Subscapularis
Collectively the prime function during all movements of
the shoulder joint is to hold the head of the humerus in
the glenoid cavity of the scapula.

9

Rotator Cuff Supraspinatus

Supraspinatus:
Initiates and assists deltoid in
abduction of the arm and acts with Rotator Cuff.

10

Rotator Cuff Infraspinatus

Infraspinatus:
Laterally (externally) rotate arm, holds
humeral head in glenoid cavity.

11

Rotator Cuff Teres Minor

Teres Minor: Laterally rotate arm (externally), holds
humeral head in glenoid cavity.

12

Rotator Cuff Subscapularis

Subscapularis: Medially (internally) rotates arm and
adducts it, holds humeral head in glenoid cavity.

13

Adductor Pollicis

Adducts the thumb

14

Are there muscles on top of the skull

yes

15

what joint the superficial muscles of the back move

Shoulder

16

As a yoga teacher what can to teach and focus on to help your students balance

●Alignment
●Strength
●Core Connection and Activation
●Oppositional Ties- Stakes on a Tent
●Calm Mind

17

bones of the leg including- upper and lower, pelvis, and leg through the lower leg.

Femur - Greater Trochanter,
Lesser Trochanter (bumps at the top of the bone near the hip joint)
Patella
Tibia: Tibial Tuberosity (bump on the front)
Fibula (smaller leg bone)
Tarsals (7) Calcaneous (big heel bone), Talus (ankle joint bone)
Metatarsals
Phalanges

18

Hip Flexors

Iliopsoas
Rectus Femoris (part of the quadricep)
Sartorius (starts at pelvis ends at the tibia, inner thigh)
Pectineus (near the pecker)
Tensor Fascia Lata (starts at the pelvis and ends at the tibia, outer thigh most of the muscle is near the pelvis)

19

Hip Extensors

Gluteus Maximus
Hamstrings: Bicep Femoris (back of the thigh towards the lateral side)
Semi Tendinous (middle back thigh)
Semi Membranous (medial back thigh)

20

Hip Abduction

Gluteus Maximus (outer most)
Gluteus Medius (middle)
Gluteus Minimus (innermost)
Bicep Femoris
Tensor Fascia Lata (front lateral edge of hip)
Piriformis (when flexed) (under gluteus minimus over sciatic nerve)

21

Hip Adductors

Adductor Longus (outer on inner thigh)
Adductor Brevis (middle inner thigh)
Adductor Magnus (behind and bigger then brevis and longus on inner thigh)
Gracilis (outermost and longest Attaches at groin and goes to the tibia)
Obturator Externus

22

Hip Internal Rotators

***There are NO muscles with the
primary
action of Internal Rotation****
Gluteus Medius (anterior fibers)
Gluteus Minimus
Semitendinosus
Semimembranosus
Gracilis
Tensor Fascia Lata

23

Hip External Rotators

Deep Rotators:
Obturator Externus
Obturator Internus
Piriformis
Gemelli Superior
Gemelli Inferior
Quadratus Femoris

24

Knee Extensors

Quadriceps:
Rectus Femoris (top of thigh)
Vastus Lateralis (lateral Top)
Vastus Medialis (medial Top)
Vastus Intermedius (deep to rectus femoris)

25

Knee Flexors

Hamstrings: Bicep Femoris (back of the thigh towards the lateral side)
Semi Tendinous (middle back thigh)
Semi Membranous (medial back thigh)
Gracilis (outer edge of knee)
Sartorius
Gastrocnemius (calf muscles)
Plantaris (deep and right below the need and the posterior side)

26

Anterior Compartment Lower Leg:

Anterior Tibialis:
Dorsiflexion, Inversion of Foot
Extensor Hallucis Longus
: Extension of Great Toe,
Dorsiflexion, Inversion Foot
Peroneus Tertius
: Eversion of Foot, Dorsiflexion
Extensor Digitorum
:Extension of toes, Dorsiflexion,
Eversion of Foot
***All Anterior Compartment assists w/ Dorsi Flexion

27

Posterior Compartment

Superficial:
Gastrocnemius: Plantar Flexion
Soleus (bent knee): Plantar Flexion
Plantaris: Plantar Flexion
ALL posterior compartment assist w/ Plantar
Flexion
Flexor Hallucis Longus: Flex Great Toe,
Inversion Foot, Plantar Flexion
Flexor Digitorum Longus: Flex toes 2-5,
Inversion Foot, Plantar Flexion
Posterior Tibialis: Inversion Foot, Plantar Flexion
Special----popliteus: Does not Plantar Flex, it
unlocks (rotates) knee from full extension.

28

what musculoskeletal component provides the
major stability for the knee

Ligaments

29

Muscles of the hamstrings

Bicep Femoris
Semi Tendinous
Semi Membranous

30

the primary muscle that produces hip flexion

Iliopsoas