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Flashcards in Practice test 1 Deck (101)
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1

The 11 Systems of the body?

1.Integumentary (skin)
2.Skeletal
3.Nervous
4.Cardiovascular
5.Endocrine (glands/hormones)
6.Muscular
7. Respiratory
8. Reproductive
9. Digestive
10. Urinary
11. Lymph/Immune

2

anatomical position?

Mountain pose with palms forward

3

Axial

head, neck, and trunk

4

Appendicular

limbs/extremities

5

Anterior

towards the front

6

Posterior

towards the back

7

Distal

away from the trunk toward the fingers and toes

8

Proximal

towards the trunk away from the fingers and toes

9

Superficial

Towards the skin or outside

10

Deep

towards the inside or away from the skin

11

superior

up, Towards the top of the head

12

inferior

down or below, towards the feet

13

medial

towards the midline

14

lateral

away from the midline

15

flexion

A movement in a sagittal plane which takes a part of
the body forward from anatomical position.
Exceptions: knee flexion, dorsiflexion\

16

Extension

A movement in the sagittal plane which takes a part of
the body backward from anatomical position. Except:
knee extension and plantar flexion

17

abduction

A movement in a frontal plane which takes a
part of the body away from the median plane.

18

Adduction

A movement in a frontal plane which takes a
part of the body toward the median plane.
(Add it to your body- it comes “in” to you) (Second ½ of jumping jack)

19

Pronation

Hand faces back, opposite
anatomical position.

20

Supination

Hand faces forward
same as anatomical position.

21

Dorsiflexion

“flexing” the foot

22

Plantar Flexion

pointing the toes

23

Lateral Flexion or Side Bending

Axial spine motion in the frontal plane away
from anatomical position.

24

Function of the Skeletal System

Support: Structural Support for the entire body

Protection: Surrounds soft tissue- critical organs

Movement: Creates the levers for muscles to attach to and
move the body.

Mineral Homeostasis: Stores minerals and fats. Releases
calcium and phosphorus as needed.

Blood Cell Production: Bone Marrow produces red and
white blood cells.

25

What is a joint

The Junction or Union of two or more Bones in the Body.

Primary Function is to provide motion and flexibility to the body
frame.

26

Synarthrosis

joint
Essentially NO motion/Fibrous
Skull, Teeth

27

Ball and socket joints

Flexion, Extension, Abduction, Adduction,
Internal, and External Rotation

only joint that moves in all directions

Hip and Shoulder

28

function of a Synovial Joint

Joint designed for Motion

Joint Motion: Spreads fluid around keeping joint healthy and lubricated.
(Motion is Lotion)

29

Synovial Membrane

Releases Synovial Fluid

30

Synovial Fluid

Bathes joint with nutrients